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Epidural administration of local anesthetics or opioid during general anesthesia is a widespread method for postoperative analgesia. Despite the availability of this technique, inadvertent administration of nonepidural medications into the epidural space can be associated with serious neurological complications. We report a case of accidental epidural(More)
BACKGROUND Nefopam is a non-opioid non-steroidal centrally acting analgesic. This study was conducted to assess the analgesic efficacy of intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV-PCA) using nefopam alone, compared with a combination of morphine and ketorolac, after laparoscopic gynecologic surgery. METHODS Sixty patients undergoing laparoscopic(More)
A 43-year-old woman was admitted due to fever, chills, and headache for several days and was diagnosed as infective endocarditis. Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) examination confirmed severe aortic stenosis and showed relatively fresh 1.5 cm vegetation on the left coronary cusp of the aortic valve (AV) with frequent diastolic prolapse(More)
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