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Two different kinds of Byzantine Agreement for distributed systems with processor faults are defined and compared. The first is required when coordinated actions may be performed by each participant at different times. This kind is called Simultaneous Byzantine Agreement (SBA). This paper deals with the number of rounds of message exchange required to reach(More)
In loosely coupled distributed systems subject to random communication delays and component failures, atomic brocrdcart protocols can be used to implement the abstraction of a A-common sfomge, a replicated storage that displays at any clock time the same contents to every correct processor and that requires A time units to complete replicated updates. We(More)
It is known that clock synchronization can be achieved in the presence of faulty clocks numbering more than one-third of the total number of participating clocks provided that some authentication technique is used. Without authentication the number of faults that can be tolerated has been an open question. Here we show that if we restrict logical clocks to(More)
This paper gives two simple efficient distributed algorithms: one for keeping clocks in a network synchronized and one for allowing new processors to join the network with their clocks synchronized. The algorithms tolerate both link and node failures of any type. The algorithm for maintaining synchronization will work for arbitrary networks (rather than(More)
We describe several new algorithms for Byzantine agreement. The first of-these is a simplification of the original exponential-time Byzantine agreement algorithm due to Pease, Shostak, and Lamport, and is of comparable complexity to their algorithm. However, its proof is very intuitively appealing. A technique of shifting between algorithms for solving the(More)
Consider a communication network G in which a limited number of link and/or node faults F might occur. A routing &rgr; for the network (a fixed path between each pair of nodes) must be chosen without any knowledge of which components might become faulty. Choosing a good routing corresponds to bounding the diameter of the <italic>surviving route(More)
Parallel computing onclusters ofworkstations and personal computers has very high potential, since it leverages existing hardware and software. Parallel programming environments offer the user a convenient way to express parallel computation and communication. In fact, recently, a Message Passing Interface (M PI) has been proposed as anindus-trial standard(More)