H. Peter Vollmers

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With functional assays we selected a monoclonal antibody (anti-Arc-1) that perturbs specific cell-cell contacts of MDCK epithelial cells in tissue culture. The cells loosen their tight junctions, become uncoupled, and their polarity is abolished. Several findings show that the corresponding antigen appears to be a cell-surface protein of MDCK epithelial(More)
Malignancy is like a chronic disease, and the immune system is permanently involved in recognizing and eliminating the transformed cells. The human hybridoma technology offers the unique opportunity to study the mechanisms, structures, and targets involved in recognition and elimination of aberrant cells. Thousands of tumor-reactive human monoclonal(More)
Immunohistochemical screening of gastric adenocarcinomas from 42 different patients revealed variant CD44 expression in all specimens tested. Adenocarcinomas of the intestinal type were strongly positive for epitopes encoded by variant exons v5 and v6, whereas diffuse-type adenocarcinomas predominantly expressed only exon v5. Normal stomach mucosa was(More)
The human monoclonal antibody SC-1 induces apoptosis of stomach carcinoma cells and is currently used in a clinical Phase II trial. The antibody binds to a target molecule that is preferentially expressed on diffuse- and intestinal-type stomach cancer cells and shows a very restricted expression on other normal and malignant tissues. In this paper, we show(More)
A balanced lipid metabolism is crucial for all cells. Disturbance of this homeostasis by nonphysiological intracellular accumulation of fatty acids can result in apoptosis. This was proven in animal studies and was correlated to some human diseases, like lipotoxic cardiomyopathy. Some metabolic mechanisms of lipo-apoptosis were described, and some causes(More)
A murine monoclonal antibody, SLOW-1, was selected, which inhibits the locomotion of chick embryo fibroblasts (the immunizing cells) in tissue culture. The antibody, an IgM, cross-reacts in locomotion assays with a number of tumor and untransformed cells, and on fixed and permeabilized cells binds 1-5 X 10(5) target sites with an affinity of 10(-8) M. The(More)
The germline coded human monoclonal IgM antibody 103/51 was isolated from a gastric carcinoma patient. This antibody binds to a 130-kd membrane molecule and has a mitotic effect on tumor cells in vitro. To characterize the target, we sequenced the protein and showed that the antibody binds to the cysteine-rich fibroblast growth factor receptor (CFR)-1,(More)
Lipids are essential for normal and malignant cells during growth and differentiation. The turnover is strictly regulated because an uncontrolled uptake and accumulation is cytotoxic and can lead to lipoapoptosis: lipoptosis. The human monoclonal antibody SAM-6 binds to a cell surface receptor on malignant cells and to oxidized low-density lipoprotein(More)
Precancerous epithelial lesions are sites of uncontrolled cellular proliferation, generated by irreversible genetic changes. Not all of these lesions progress to invasive cancer, some may even regress, but early detection of abnormal cells can be crucial for survival of the patient. Diagnosis is mainly performed by using morphological parameters.(More)
The unique features of monoclonal antibodies (specificity, effectiveness, purity and unlimited reproducibility) make them ideal tools for the specific treatment of all kind of diseases. The third generation of monoclonal antibodies for the treatment of human diseases will be, after murine and "humanised" murine immunoglobulins, fully human antibodies. The(More)