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Catecholamine secretory vesicle core proteins (chromogranins) contain an activity that inhibits catecholamine release, but the identity of the responsible peptide has been elusive. Size-fractionated chromogranins antagonized nicotinic cholinergic-stimulated catecholamine secretion; the inhibitor was enriched in processed chromogranin fragments, and was(More)
Turnip crinkle virus (TCV) inoculation onto TCV-resistant Arabidopsis leads to a hypersensitive response (HR) controlled by the dominant gene HRT. HRT is a member of the class of resistance (R) genes that contain a leucine zipper, a nucleotide binding site, and leucine-rich repeats. The chromosomal position of HRT and its homology to resistance gene RPP8(More)
In three different experiments pairs of unrelated people sitting in two different rooms were exposed simultaneously to different rates of circumcerebral rotations of weak, complex magnetic fields in order to produce "dynamic similarity". Quantitative electroencephalographic (QEEG) measurements were taken for one member of each pair in one room while the(More)
In this study, we evaluated the relative role of the structural and nonstructural proteins of the Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) in inducing protective immunities and compared the results with those induced by the inactivated JEV vaccine. Several inbred and outbred mouse strains immunized with a plasmid (pE) encoding the JEV envelope protein elicited a(More)
The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether steady-state evoked potential (SSEP) can be used for objective estimation of auditory thresholds in patients with noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). Eleven subjects (22 ears) with a characteristic audiometric notch between 3000 and 6000 Hz participated in this study. Both pure-tone thresholds and SSEP(More)
Pituitary adenylyl cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a potent endogenous secretagogue for chromaffin cells. Chromogranin A is the major soluble core component in secretory vesicles. Since chromogranin A is secreted along with catecholamines, we asked whether PACAP regulates expression of the chromogranin A gene in PC12 rat chromaffin cells, so as to(More)
How do chromaffin cell secretory stimuli program resynthesis of secreted peptides and amines? We previously showed that the physiologic nicotinic cholinergic signal for secretion also activates the biosynthesis of chromogranin A, the major protein released with catecholamines. Here, we examine signal transduction pathways whereby secretory stimuli influence(More)
To explore stimulus-transcription coupling in pheochromocytoma cells, we studied the biosynthetic response of chromogranin A, the major soluble protein co-stored and co-released with catecholamines, to chromaffin cells' physiologic nicotinic cholinergic secretory stimulation. Chromogranin A mRNA showed a time-dependent 3.87-fold response to nicotinic(More)
Nerve growth factor differentiates precursor cells into sympathetic neurons. Does acquisition of a "neuronal" phenotype after nerve growth factor involve biosynthesis of chromogranin A, the major soluble protein in chromaffin granule cores? Nerve growth factor activated chromogranin A gene expression 7.6-fold in PC12 pheochromocytoma cells, and similarly(More)
Evidence suggests that proenkephalin and members of the chromogranin/secretogranin family of proteins are prohormone precursors, giving rise to a variety of peptides with biologic activity. However, the specific proteases responsible for cleaving these proteins in vivo have not been fully established. Several candidate proteases have been described, some of(More)