Learn More
Helicobacter pylori enhances the risk for ulcer disease and gastric cancer, yet only a minority of H. pylori-colonized individuals develop disease. We examined the ability of two H. pylori isolates to induce differential host responses in vivo or in vitro, and then used an H. pylori whole genome microarray to identify bacterial determinants related to(More)
Helicobacter pylori isolates show greater genetic diversity than other bacterial species studied, but the basis for this phenomenon is unknown. Whether detectable genomic mutation appears within an H. pylori population during persistent colonization was investigated. Paired H. pylori populations obtained across 7- to 10-year intervals from 13 patients were(More)
Monoclonal antibodies were used in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the detection of human Lewis immunodeterminants in the lipopolysaccharide of Helicobacter pylori. In 94 H. pylori isolates, expression of Lewis(x) (Le(x)) and Le(y) was a stable phenotypic marker independent of the growth medium and cell age; 46 (49%) of the isolates expressed both(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The specificity of colonization by Helicobacter pylori and complex host-bacterium interactions cannot be readily examined in humans. The aim of this study was to perform such analyses in rhesus monkeys. METHODS Four animals that had been cured of natural H. pylori colonization were challenged with a mixture of 7 strains of human origin,(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Human colonization with Helicobacter pylori increases the risk for distal gastric adenocarcinoma, possibly by altering gastric epithelial cell cycle events and/or gastrin secretion. This study aimed to determine whether H. pylori virulence-related characteristics affect apoptosis, proliferation, and gastrin levels in a rodent model of(More)
Previous structural investigations performed on the lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) from the human gastric pathogen Helicobacter pylori have revealed that these cell surface glycan molecules express type 2 partially fucosylated, glucosylated, or galactosylated N-acetyllactosamine O antigen chains (O-chains) of various lengths, which may or may not be terminated(More)
Three-point mutations (R117H, N211, A16V) within the cationic trypsinogen gene have been identified in patients with hereditary pancreatitis (HP). A genetic background has also been discussed for idiopathic juvenile chronic pancreatitis (IJCP), which closely mimicks the clinical pattern of HP, and alcoholic chronic pancreatitis because only a small number(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Lewis antigens occur in human gastric epithelium and in Helicobacter pylori lipopolysaccharide; their expression is polymorphic in both. Autoimmune mechanisms induced by bacterial Lewis expression have been proposed to cause gastritis. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between bacterial and host gastric Lewis(More)
Genetically defined in vivo models are needed to assess the importance of target cell attachment in bacterial pathogenesis. Gastric colonization by Helicobacter pylori in human populations is common and persistent, and has various outcomes including peptic ulcers and cancer. The impact of attachment on the course of infection was examined in transgenic mice(More)
Experimental Helicobacter pylori infection was studied in Mongolian gerbils with fresh human isolates that carry or do not carry cagA (cagA-positive or cagA-negative, respectively), multiply passaged laboratory strains, wild-type strain G1.1, or isogenic ureA, cagA, or vacA mutants of G1.1. Animals were sacrificed 1 to 32 weeks after challenge, the stomach(More)