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This paper describes a new method for detecting structural brain differences based on the analysis of deformation fields. Deformations are obtained by an intensity-based nonlinear registration routine that transforms one brain onto another one. We present a general multivariate statistical approach to analyze deformation fields in different subjects. This(More)
The generation of mismatch negativity (MMN) as a component of auditory evoked event-related brain potentials has been reported previously to be severely disturbed in patients with schizophrenia. In the present study, we extended these findings to magnetoencephalography and investigated the neuromagnetic mismatch field (MMNm) in 15 male schizophrenic(More)
The efficacy and safety of Hypericum extract WS 5570 in preventing relapse during 6 months' continuation treatment and 12 months' long-term maintenance treatment after recovery from an episode of recurrent depression were investigated in a double-blind, placebo controlled multicenter trial. Adult out-patients with a recurrent episode of moderate major(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether functional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging can demonstrate a specific pattern of cerebral activation during cognitive stimulation by using a high-level cognitive task such as the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty-one healthy volunteers underwent functional MR imaging with a 1.5-T MR imager with a(More)
The distribution of substance P-immunoreactivity (SP-IR) in the brainstem and spinal cord of normal and colchicine-pretreated cats was analysed using the peroxidase-antiperoxidase (PAP) technique. Numerous SP-IR fibers are present in the nucleus solitarius, nucleus dorsalis nervi vagi and nucleus spinalis nervi trigemini, various parts of the formatio(More)
fMRI was performed in nine male schizophrenia patients and 15 healthy male controls during an auditory time estimation (timing), a frequency (i.e. pitch) discrimination task, and rest. An adaptive psychophysical approach, the weighted up-down method, was used to adjust individual performance to a level of 75% probability for correct answers. Although(More)
The Continuous Performance Test (CPT) has become an essential constituent of the neuropsychological investigation of schizophrenia. Also, a vast number of brain imaging studies, mostly PET investigations, have employed the CPT as a cognitive challenge and established a relative hypofrontality in schizophrenics compared to controls. The aim of the present(More)
Combining the Continuous Performance Test (CPT) with a modern functional imaging technique provides a powerful tool for investigating neurophysiological processes in the human brain. There is increasing evidence from single photon emission tomography (SPECT), positron emission tomography (PET) and presently also functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)(More)
Based on the original data from two double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trials and the acute phase of a long-term study that investigated the antidepressant efficacy of St. John's wort extract WS 5570, we present a re-analysis of a subset of patients suffering from an acute episode of mild depression according to DSM criteria. Out of a(More)
It has been demonstrated by single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and positron emission tomography (PET) that frontal brain regions are stimulated during performance of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST). The WCST is also regarded as one of the standard tests for the assessment of frontal activity in brain imaging studies of schizophrenia.(More)