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This paper describes a new method for detecting structural brain differences based on the analysis of deformation fields. Deformations are obtained by an intensity-based nonlinear registration routine that transforms one brain onto another one. We present a general multivariate statistical approach to analyze deformation fields in different subjects. This(More)
It has been demonstrated by single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and positron emission tomography (PET) that frontal brain regions are stimulated during performance of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST). The WCST is also regarded as one of the standard tests for the assessment of frontal activity in brain imaging studies of schizophrenia.(More)
The generation of mismatch negativity (MMN) as a component of auditory evoked event-related brain potentials has been reported previously to be severely disturbed in patients with schizophrenia. In the present study, we extended these findings to magnetoencephalography and investigated the neuromagnetic mismatch field (MMNm) in 15 male schizophrenic(More)
Most research with 31P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P-MRS) in affective disorders has been done in the field of bipolar disturbances. Reduced frontal and temporal lobe phosphomonoester (PME) concentrations were measured in the euthymic state, whereas increased values were found in the depressed state. In bipolar-II patients reduced phosphocreatine(More)
The Continuous Performance Test (CPT) has become an essential constituent of the neuropsychological investigation of schizophrenia. Also, a vast number of brain imaging studies, mostly PET investigations, have employed the CPT as a cognitive challenge and established a relative hypofrontality in schizophrenics compared to controls. The aim of the present(More)
The central nucleus of the amygdala has been shown to be involved in cardiovascular regulation and the integration of arousal. In this study, the afferent input was investigated in cat by microinjecting horseradish peroxidase (HRP) into the central nucleus and examining retrogradely-labelled cells in the brain. Retrograde labelling was found in the cortex(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether functional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging can demonstrate a specific pattern of cerebral activation during cognitive stimulation by using a high-level cognitive task such as the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty-one healthy volunteers underwent functional MR imaging with a 1.5-T MR imager with a(More)
The efficacy and safety of Hypericum extract WS 5570 in preventing relapse during 6 months' continuation treatment and 12 months' long-term maintenance treatment after recovery from an episode of recurrent depression were investigated in a double-blind, placebo controlled multicenter trial. Adult out-patients with a recurrent episode of moderate major(More)
101 outpatients suffering from anxiety of non-psychotic origin (DSM-III-R criteria: agoraphobia, specific phobia, generalized anxiety disorder, and adjustment disorder with anxiety) were included in a 25-week multicenter randomized placebo-controlled double-blind trial with WS 1490, a special extract of kava-kava. In the main outcome criterion, the Hamilton(More)
fMRI was performed in nine male schizophrenia patients and 15 healthy male controls during an auditory time estimation (timing), a frequency (i.e. pitch) discrimination task, and rest. An adaptive psychophysical approach, the weighted up-down method, was used to adjust individual performance to a level of 75% probability for correct answers. Although(More)