H. P. Urbach

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We describe a numerical method that can be used to calculate the propagation of light in a medium of constant (possibly complex) index of refraction n. The method integrates the Rayleigh-Sommerfeld diffraction integral numerically. After an appropriate change of integration variables, the integrand of the diffraction integral is split into a slowly varying(More)
The application of wire grid polarizers as efficient polarizing beam splitters for visible light is studied. The large differences between the transmissivity for different polarizations are explained qualitatively by using the theory of metallic wave guides. The results of rigorous calculations obtained by using the finite element method are compared with(More)
We experimentally demonstrate that a femtosecond frequency comb laser can be applied as a tool for long-distance measurement in air. Our method is based on the measurement of cross correlation between individual pulses in a Michelson interferometer. From the position of the correlation functions, distances of up to 50 m have been measured. We have compared(More)
Using the subspace identification technique, we identify a finite dimensional, dynamical model of a recently developed prototype of a thermally actuated deformable mirror (TADM). The main advantage of the identified model over the models described by partial differential equations is its low complexity and low dimensionality. Consequently, the identified(More)
The excitation of surface plasmons by subwavelength slits in metal films is studied using a rigorous diffraction model. It is shown that the plasmon is launched by a slit in antiphase with the incident magnetic field. This is true independent of slit width and of the metal used. Using this phase information, maxima and minima in transmission are explained(More)
In this Letter, we show that the energy equivalent to that incident on a 4.7 microm wide strip can be squeezed through a 50 nm wide slit in a metal film surrounded by grooves. This corresponds to a transmission efficiency of 9400%, which can be even further enhanced by increasing the number of grooves. We use the phase of the magnetic field to explain that(More)
We carry out performance characterisation of a commercial push and pull deformable mirror with 48 actuators (Adaptica Srl). We present a detailed description of the system as well as a statistical approach on the identification of the mirror influence function. A new efficient control algorithm to induce the desired wavefront shape is also developed and(More)
We present a three-dimensional model based on the finite-element method for solving the time-harmonic Maxwell equation in optics. It applies to isotropic or anisotropic dielectrics and metals and to many configurations such as an isolated scatterer in a multilayer, bi-gratings, and crystals. We discuss the application of the model to near-field optical(More)
A computer program based on the finite element method is used to study variations in pit visibility for a pit structure that is similar to those used in TwoDOS systems. It is concluded that pit visibility is best enhanced by making the pit width larger, and that destructive interference by making pit depth d =lambda(Poly)/4 (where lambda(Poly) is the(More)
The finite-element method is applied to model phase-change recording in a grooved recording stack. A rigorous model for the scattering of a three-dimensional focused spot by a one-dimensional periodic grating is used to determine the absorbed light in a three-dimensional region inside the phase-change layer. The optical model is combined with a(More)