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Ro 63-1908, 1-[2-(4-hydroxy-phenoxy)-ethyl]-4-(4-methyl-benzyl)-piperidin-4-ol, is a novel subtype-selective N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonist that has been characterized in vitro and in vivo. Ro 63-1908 inhibited [(3)H]dizocilpine ((3)H-MK-801) binding in a biphasic manner with IC(50) values of 0.002 and 97 microM for the high- and low-affinity sites,(More)
A novel rat chemokine, termed ST38, was identified through its upregulation in ischemic brain tissue using a biased differential display technique targeting mRNAs with regulatory AUUUA-motifs typically found in transcripts of cytokine and immediate early genes. ST38 transcripts were transiently induced in ischemic cortex between 4 and 24 h after middle(More)
RIMA is a term for reversible inhibitors of monoamine oxidase (MAO) with preference for MAO-A; moclobemide is a prototype of this new class of antidepressants and is a highly selective inhibitor of MAO-A in vitro. This inhibition is reversible by dialysis in vitro, which accounts for the dose-dependent duration of in vivo enzyme inhibition of 12–24 h.(More)
The protein nerve growth factor (NGF) is a naturally occurring trophic substance for sympathetic neurones and for at least those primary sensory neurones containing substance P (refs 4-6). Thus retrogradely transported NGF increased substance P and protein content in corresponding dorsal root ganglia. Moreover, anti-NGF antibodies administered to newborn(More)
Brain injury increases the synthesis of many growth and trophic factors. We have measured nerve growth factor (NGF) content in brain of adult rats with bilateral carotid artery occlusion exposed to 7% O2. Five days after hypoxia the NGF content was increased in neostriatum, hippocampus and cerebral neocortex, areas exhibiting focal neuronal degeneration and(More)
The present study was intended to demonstrate the origin of supra-ependymal 5-hydroxytryptamine axons in the rat forebrain. Electrolytic lesions and injections of 5,6-dihydroxytryptamine (10 mug in 4 mul) were carried out unilaterally in and close to the medial forebrain bundle in the posterior hypothalamus of rats. Ten to 14 days later, terminal axons and(More)
Supra-ependymal nerves in mammals (mainly rats) have been shown to contain serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) by combined Falck-Hillarp fluorescence histochemistry, ultrastructural monoamine cytochemistry and pharmacology as well as by immunohistochemistry and autoradiography. Supra-ependymal 5-HT cells do not occur. At least in rats, virtually all(More)