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This paper is comprised of a review of past contributions and their theoretical consequences and a presentation of new results in studies of the origin of sympathetic rhythms and tone. Two basic mechanisms are involved: a primary intracentral coupling with the main cardiovascular-respiratory rhythm (MCRR) generator and a secondary reflex coupling. It was(More)
The reticular formation of the lower brain stem contains neuronal circuits for the generation of sympathetic tone, respiratory rhythm, muscle tone and the control of vigilance. In anesthetized dogs single neurone activities were recorded in the medial two-thirds of the reticular formation to investigate the organizing principles of this multifunctional(More)
Experiments were carried out on cats anaesthetized with chloralose-urethane with a view to defining certain central pathways for the J reflex elicited by the right atrial injection of phenyldiguanide. The resulting motor inhibition was manifested by reduction in the amplitude of the knee jerk. The dorsal surface of the medulla was exposed and free riding(More)
Several types of respiratory reflex actions can be discerned according to the reactions of typical respiratory neurons in the efferent part of the central rhythmogenic structure. Whereas respiration runs closely parallel with inspiratory neuron activity the behaviour of expiratory neurons cannot be derived from the resulting reflex changes of respiration.(More)