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The locus coeruleus (LC) harbors a compact group of noradrenergic cell bodies projecting to virtually all parts of the central nervous system. By using combined measurements of amperometry and patch-clamp, quantal vesicle release of noradrenaline (NA) was detected as amperometric spikes, after depolarization of the LC neurons. After a pulse depolarization,(More)
Transplantation of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) is a potential therapy for ischemic stroke, but poor environmental conditions in brain lesions, such as insufficient nutrition and oxygen free radical toxicity, limit the efficacy of stem cell therapy. Here, we hypothesized that MCI-186, a free radical scavenger, would have protective effects on(More)
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