Learn More
Streptavidin forms two-dimensional crystals when specifically bound to layers of biotinylated lipids at the air/water interface. The three-dimensional structure of streptavidin determined from the crystals by electron crystallography corresponds well with the structure determined by x-ray crystallography. Comparison of the electron and x-ray(More)
Two-dimensional crystals of cholera toxin bound to receptors in a lipid membrane give diffraction extending to 15 A resolution. Three-dimensional structure determination reveals a ring of five B subunits on the membrane surface, with one-third of the A subunit occupying the center of the ring. The remaining mass of the A subunit appears to penetrate the(More)
Atomic force microscope images of polymerized monolayers of n-(2-aminoethyl)-10,12-tricosadiynamide revealed parallel rows of molecules with a side-by-side spacing of approximately equal to 0.5 nanometer. Forces used for imaging (10(-8) newton) had no observable effect on the polymer strands. These results demonstrate that atomic force microscope images can(More)
Thin sheets of Ac-Tm-Tn paracrystals were prepared in the presence of high concentration of Ca2+ ion and three-dimensional image analysis was performed. The optical diffraction pattern of an electron micrograph showed spots up to 1/1.6 nm-1 in the radial direction and up to 1/2.5 nm-1 in the axial direction, the best resolution ever obtained so far. The(More)
Endotoxin isolated from Re mutants of Salmonella typhimurium or Salmonella minnesota and consisting only of 3-deoxy-D-mannooctulosonic acid (KDO) and lipid A synergistically enhances the ability of mycobacterial cell wall skeleton (CWS) to regress transplantable, line-10 tumor (hepatocellular carcinoma) in syngeneic guinea pigs. Tumor regression is rapid,(More)
The B1 subunit of ribonucleotide reductase formed two-dimensional crystals when bound to and effector nucleotide linked to lipids in planar layers at the air/water interface. The effector lipid consisted of dATP coupled through the gamma-phosphoryl group and an epsilon-aminocaproyl linker to phosphatidylethanolamine. Two-dimensional crystals of B1(More)
Escherichia coli RNA polymerase holoenzyme forms two-dimensional crystals when adsorbed to positively charged lipid layers at the air/water interface. Adsorption of the protein is driven by electrostatic interactions between the positively charged lipid surface and the polymerase molecule, which has a net negative charge. Crystallization is dependent on the(More)
The B subunit of cholera toxin forms two-dimensional crystals when bound to its membrane receptor, ganglioside GM1, in phospholipid layers. A rectangular crystal lattice gives diffraction extending to 15-A resolution in negative stain, and image-processing of electron micrographs reveals a ring of five protein densities. The diameter of the central hole and(More)
  • 1