Learn More
A high-performance liquid chromatographic method for the determination of the anti-arrhythmic drug mexiletine in human plasma, urine, and cerebrospinal fluid is described. Following extraction with diethyl ether, mexiletine and the internal standard 4-methylmexiletine were derivatized with 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene. Analyses were performed using an(More)
The pharmacokinetics of methotrexate (MXT) and 7-hydroxymethotrexate (7-OH-MTX) has been studied in seven patients treated for osteosarcoma with up to 27 cycles of MTX at doses of 140-350 mg/kg of body weight. The distribution volume of MTX was 0.186 +/- 0.062 liter/kg. Peak plasma levels ranged from 540 to 1700 microM for MTX and from 12 to 560 mu M for(More)
The pharmacokinetics of dacarbazine (DTIC) and its main metabolite 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide (AIC) have been studied in eight patients with malignant melanoma or sarcoma receiving 2.65–6.85 mg DTIC/kg body weight by intravenous bolus injection or by continuous 0.5–6-h infusions on 5 consecutive days. The plasma disappearance of DTIC was biphasic, with(More)
An high-pressure liquid chromatographic method was used to measure allopurinol and oxipurinol in plasma and urine in 6 healthy volunteers after a single intravenous or oral dose of allopurinol. The influence of coadministrated benzbromarone and hydrochlorothiazide on the pharmacokinetics of allopurinol and oxipurinol was also investigated. After intravenous(More)
9 patients with osteosarcoma were treated with a total of 122 infusions of high-dose methotrexate (MTX; 140-350 mg/kg) followed by leucovorin rescue. Plasma kinetics of MTX and 7-hydroxymethotrexate (7-OH-MTX) has been routinely monitored. Due to inadequate hydration and alkalinization, 1 of the 122 high-dose MTX infusions was followed by delayed(More)
A high-performance liquid chromatographic method for the determination of the antineoplastic agent cytarabine and its main metabolite uracil arabinoside in human plasma and cerebrospinal fluid is described. Complete separation from endogenous constituents was achieved by isocratic reversed-phase chromatography using phosphate buffer (0.05 M, pH 7.0) as the(More)
In order to obtain better insight into the potentiation of the toxicity of phospholipase A by crotapotin, we studied the distribution and elimination of these substances and of their combination. Blood Plasma Concentration. Iodine-labelled phospholipase A leaves the bloodstream of mice and rabbits very quickly after i.v. application. Simultaneous injection(More)
Pharmacokinetics of the antiarrhythmic agent mexiletine were found to be highly variable. Ineffective or toxic doses can be avoided by monitoring mexiletine concentrations in patients plasma. However, the success of antiarrhythmic therapy is mainly determined by the severety of the underlying disease. Therefore, the efficacy of treatment with mexiletine(More)