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Phenotypic changes in lymphocytes from healthy children with antibody for human T lymphotrophic virus type I (HTLV-I) were studied using two color flow cytometry. The subjects were high school students within a small district of Kyushu, Japan. In the carrier group, a subset of lymphocytes which expressed CD8+CD57+ was significantly lower in percentage (P <(More)
The effect of cisplatin on the auditory nervous system was examined in five children using brainstem auditory evoked potentials (BAEPs). The cases comprized of two neuroblastoma, one yolk sac tumor one neurofibrosarcoma and one Hodgkin's disease. All patients except for one infant aged eight months showed a normal audiogram in the pre-treatment examination.(More)
The relationship between cytogenetic findings and prognosis in 51 pediatric patients with neuroblastoma is described. Patients were classified into the following four groups based on karyotypic findings: (1) near diploidy, 42 to 47 chromosomes (n = 11); (2) hyperdiploidy, 50 to 56 chromosomes (n = 4); (3) near triploidy, 60 to 77 chromosomes (n = 33); and(More)
A cooperative multicenter clinical study on cisplatin in children with malignant solid tumors was conducted in seventeen institutions. Of 63 children entered into the study, 18 patients were treated with cisplatin alone, 33 with a VCAP regimen (VCR, CPA, ADM and CDDP) and 12 with other combination regimens. The numbers of evaluable patients were 14, 27 and(More)
Seven drugs were administered to nude mice with transplanted TNB9 neuroblastoma. DTIC, cyclophosphamide and ifosfamide were the first-line drugs against TNB9. Chemotherapy including ifosfamide was effective to three of six children with malignant solid tumor resistant to cisplatin and/or cyclophosphamide. Two of the patients who were pretreated with(More)