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The advent of the use of in vivo microdialysis and voltammetry techniques in behaving animals has ushered in a great deal of research on the neurochemistry of cognition. While studies exploring the relationship between neurotransmitter release and cognitive processing are quite feasible, a number of methodological and conceptual issues pose challenges to(More)
Behavioral tasks must be evaluated in terms of the cognitive functions they require in order to be performed. All of the tasks described in this chapter can be used with each of four experimental manipulations: stimulation of a single brain region by drugs or small electrical current, impairment of normal function by production of a lesion or administration(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by deposition of amyloid-β (Aβ) plaques and neurofibrillary tangles in the brain, accompanied by synaptic dysfunction and neurodegeneration. Antibody-based immunotherapy against Aβ to trigger its clearance or mitigate its neurotoxicity has so far been unsuccessful. Here we report the generation of aducanumab, a(More)
Neuropathic pain is caused by a lesion or disease to the somatosensory nervous system and current treatment merely reduces symptoms. Here, we investigate the potential therapeutic effect of the neurotrophic factor Meteorin on multiple signs of neuropathic pain in two distinct rat models. In a first study, two weeks of intermittent systemic administration of(More)
RATIONALE The integrity of cortical cholinergic transmission is vital to attentional processing. A growing literature suggests that alterations in attentional processing accompany addictive drug use. This study examined the effects of acute and repeated administration of nicotine on cortical acetylcholine release. OBJECTIVES The effects of repeated(More)
Reducing the production of larger aggregation-prone amyloid β-peptides (Aβ) remains an untested therapeutic approach for reducing the appearance and growth of Aβ plaques in the brain, which are a hallmark pathological feature of Alzheimer's disease. γ-Secretase modulators (GSMs) are therapeutics that impact γ-secretase-dependent cleavage of amyloid(More)
Recovery after a spinal cord injury often requires that axons restore synaptic connectivity with denervated targets several centimeters from the site of injury. Here we report that systemic artemin (ARTN) treatment promotes the regeneration of sensory axons to the brainstem after brachial dorsal root crush in adult rats. ARTN not only stimulates robust(More)
Male Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with the selective noradrenergic neurotoxin, DSP4 prior to behavioral assessment. They were trained in an inhibitory avoidance and a one-way active avoidance task and given post-training treatment with epinephrine (EPI, 0.1 mg/kg, SC) or physiological saline. Performance on these tests was assessed at time points after(More)
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