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In the analysis of post-mortem brains of 14 chronic schizophrenic patients and 10 controls, biochemical evidence of a hyperdopaminergic state was found in the basal ganglia of schizophrenics; tyrosine hydroxylase activity was increased with a concomitant increase of homovanillic acid. Unusually high tyrosine hydroxylase activity was noted in 2 schizophrenic(More)
Because of a potent action of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) to degrade substance P (SP) and an association of the insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism of the ACE gene with ACE activity, an association between the SP level and the ACE I/D polymorphism were examined using 20 human postmortem brain samples. The results showed a significant association(More)
Bilateral electrolytic lesion of the striatonigral pathways (which convey massive afferents to the substantia nigra) caused a marked lowering of alpha-neo-endorphin (alpha-Neo) and dynorphin A(1-8) [Dyn A(1-8)] levels in the substantia nigra without affecting the alpha-Neo content in the ventral tegmental area. Moreover, unilateral infusion of the axon(More)
Rats were implanted with cannulae in the median raphe nucleus (MR). 5,7-Dihydroxytryptamine (5,7-DHT) or vehicle was infused either directly through the MR cannula, or bilaterally into the medial forebrain bundle (MFB). The MR 5,7-DHT lesions completely blocked the hyperactivity elicited by injections into the MR of the neurokinin (NK) 3 agonists, DiMe-C7(More)
Human dopamine transporter gene (DAT1) has a variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) in its 3'-untranslated region (UTR). The association between the VNTR polymorphism and neuropsychiatric disorders has been studied, but their relationship is still unclear. Here we identified a novel polymorphism in the 3'-UTR of the DAT1 gene, G2319A, and a significant(More)
We investigated the effects of chronic treatment with food containing one of five antidepressants on substance P (SP) content in the rat brain using radioimmunoassay and enzyme-immunoassay. The antidepressants used were imipramine, desipramine, clomipramine, amoxapine and mianserin. Following 40 days of treatment, all the antidepressants decreased SP(More)
The allelic association of TaqI A restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) of the dopamine D2 receptor gene with alcoholism was examined in 78 Japanese alcoholics and compared with Japanese controls. A significantly higher frequency of the A1 allele (0.42) was found in 100 Japanese unscreened controls compared with those reported in white(More)
Microinjection and lesion studies have implicated the midbrain dorsal (DR) and median raphe (MR) nuclei in behavioral arousal. This behavioral state is manifested as locomotor hyperactivity, hyperphagia, hyperdipsia and increases in plasma corticosteroid release. Intra-midbrain raphe injections of the GABAA agonist muscimol elicit this behavioral(More)
We establish the existence of the top quark using a 67 pb ' data sample of pp collisions at ~s = 1.8 TeV collected with the Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF). Employing techniques similar to those we previously published, we observe a signal consistent with tt decay to WWbb, but inconsistent with the background prediction by 4.8o.. Additional evidence for(More)
This report describes the effect of chronic dietary treatment with antidepressants or antimanic drugs on brain Met-enkephalin-like immunoreactivity in the rat. The chronic treatment was administered through food containing 250-1000 mg desipramine, imipramine or clomipramine, 200-800 mg amoxapine or mianserin, 750-1500 mg lithium chloride, or 50 mg(More)