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BACKGROUND The light-harvesting complexes II (LH-2s) are integral membrane proteins that form ring-like structures, oligomers of alpha beta-heterodimers, in the photosynthetic membranes of purple bacteria. They contain a large number of chromophores organized optimally for light absorption and rapid light energy migration. Recently, the structure of the(More)
We first describe the history and methods of membrane protein crystallization, and show how the structure of the photosynthetic reaction centre from the purple bacterium Rhodopseudomonas viridis was solved. The structure of this membrane protein complex is correlated with its function as a light-driven electron pump across the photosynthetic membrane.(More)
Cytochrome c oxidase, the terminal enzyme of the respiratory chains of mitochondria and aerobic bacteria, catalyzes electron transfer from cytochrome c to molecular oxygen, reducing the latter to water. Electron transfer is coupled to proton translocation across the membrane, resulting in a proton and charge gradient that is then employed by the F0F1-ATPase(More)
  • H Mohwald, H Lichtenfeld, +36 authors John L
  • 2004
Flexible electronic circuits have recently gained widespread interest for numerous applications including flexible displays (electronic paper) [1,2] and wearable electronics. [3,4] Despite substantial improvements over rigid devices, current flexible electronics cannot fully conform to their surroundings, due to the inability of metals and conductive(More)
[11] is tricky, since the spin-coating solution does not wet the substrate and flies off the rotating surface. Since the OTS pattern after the lift-off technique is the inverse of the originally stamped ODT pattern, the sample in Figure 1d features macroscopically an oxide surface with printed OTS stripes on a micrometer lateral scale. Beyond the specific(More)
Detailed studies of the subpicosecond kinetics in the primary electron transfer of reaction centers of Rhodopseudomonas viridis The primary, light-induced charge separation in reaction centers of Rhodopseudomonas widis is investigated with femtosecond time resolution. The absorption changes after direct excitation of the primary donor P at 955 nm are(More)
After this the polymer was rigid and could be peeled off carefully from the silicon master. The suspensions were prepared by adding powder to distilled water under constant stirring. The pH was always kept between 4 and 5 by dropwise adding a 2 M solution of hydrochloric acid (Titrisol, Merck, Darmstadt, Germany). Thereafter the suspensions were ball milled(More)