Learn More
Macrophages are important in the induction of new blood vessel growth during wound repair, inflammation and tumour growth. We show here that tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), a secretory product of activated macrophages that is believed to mediate tumour cytotoxicity, is a potent inducer of new blood vessel growth (angiogenesis). In vivo, TNF-alpha(More)
Modulation of the growth of human and murine cell lines in vitro by recombinant human tumor necrosis factor-alpha (rTNF-alpha) and recombinant human interferon-gamma (rIFN-gamma) was investigated. rTNF-alpha had cytostatic or cytolytic effects on only some tumor cell lines. When administered together with rIFN-gamma, rTNF-alpha showed enhanced(More)
All four members of the human epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor (HER) family are implicated in human cancers. Although efficacious in a subset of patients, resistance to single-targeted anti-HER therapy [i.e., cetuximab (Erbitux) and trastuzumab (Herceptin)] is often associated with coexpression of other HER family members. This may be overcome by a(More)
The retinoblastoma susceptibility gene (RB), the prototype of the class of tumor suppressor genes, is inactivated in a number of human malignancies. We investigated a possible role of RB in human brain tumors. Immunoprecipitation revealed frequent loss of RB protein expression in glioma cell lines (8/24), which was accompanied by lack of RB encoded(More)
The interaction of highly purified recombinant human tumor necrosis factor-alpha (rTNF-alpha) with human polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) was investigated. Binding of 125I-rTNF-alpha to PMN reached maximum levels in 30 min at 37 degrees C and in 2 h at 4 degrees C. Scatchard analysis of competitive binding data indicated approximately 6000 receptor(More)
Tumor necrosis factors (TNFs) are a class of cytokines secreted by activated effector cells involved in host defense against tumor progression. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) and recombinant human transforming growth factor-alpha (rHuTGF-alpha) were shown to interfere with the in vitro antiproliferative effects of recombinant human tumor necrosis(More)
The HER2 protooncogene encodes a 185-kD transmembrane phosphoglycoproteins, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (p185HER2), whose amplified expression on the cell surface can lead to malignant transformation. Overexpression of HER2/p185HER2 is strongly correlated with progression of human ovarian and breast carcinomas. Recent studies have shown that(More)
INTRODUCTION Despite the advent of biological therapies for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, there is a compelling need to develop alternative therapeutic targets for nonresponders to existing treatments. Soluble receptors occur naturally in vivo, such as the splice variant of the cell surface receptor for vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)--a(More)
The Cop- plasmid pOP1 delta 6 is a recessive copy-number mutant derived from Col E1.pOP1 delta 6 exists at 200-300 copies per chromosome in E. coli, while Col E1 exists at 10-15 copies per chromosome. We have investigated the molecular basis for DNA overproduction by pOP1 delta 6 by mapping the mutation to a restriction fragment of the plasmid genome, which(More)
INTRODUCTION Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic disease associated with inflammation and destruction of bone and cartilage. Although inhibition of TNFα is widely used to treat RA, a significant number of patients do not respond to TNFα blockade, and therefore there is a compelling need to continue to identify alternative therapeutic strategies for(More)