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Mammalian bombesin-like peptides are widely distributed in the central nervous system as well as in the gastrointestinal tract, where they modulate smooth-muscle contraction, exocrine and endocrine processes, metabolism and behaviour. They bind to G-protein-coupled receptors on the cell surface to elicit their effects. Bombesin-like peptide receptors cloned(More)
The molecular architecture of developing serotonin (5HT) neurons is poorly understood, yet its determination is likely to be essential for elucidating functional heterogeneity of these cells and the contribution of serotonergic dysfunction to disease pathogenesis. Here, we describe the purification of postmitotic embryonic 5HT neurons by flow cytometry for(More)
Major depression is a highly prevalent mental disorder and environmental factors have been strongly implicated in its pathophysiology. Clinical studies have demonstrated that stress or depression can lead to atrophy and cell loss in the hippocampus. Studies of animal models of depression have suggested that reduced neurogenesis in the adult hippocampus(More)
Using in situ hybridization histochemistry and immunohistochemistry, the present study examines the cooperative regulation of transcription of molecules involved in the Ras-signal and the cAMP dependent protein kinase (PKA) pathways during peripheral nerve regeneration in rats. Injury to hypoglossal motor neurons resulted in an increase in extracellular(More)
The 5'-terminal region of the rat neurotensin receptor (NTR) gene was isolated and characterized. Genomic Southern analysis revealed that the NTR gene occurs as a single copy in the rat haploid genome. The upstream putative promoter region did not contain canonical TATA or CAAT boxes but has a consensus sequence for the transcription factor Sp1. This(More)
The expression of oxytocin receptor (OT-R) mRNA in the rat central nervous system was examined by in situ hybridization histochemistry using cRNA probe. Wide distribution of cells expressing OT-R mRNA was observed not only in the hypothalamus, but also in other regions. There were high levels of OT-R mRNA in the anterior olfactory nuclei, tenia tecta,(More)
The present study attempted to explore the gene expression of the subunits (GluR1-4) of the alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA)-type receptor, subunit (GluR5) of kainic acid (KA)-type receptor, NR1 [a subunit of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors] and the possible glutamate-binding subunit of an NMDA receptor complex in the(More)
Expression of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) transporter mRNA in the rat brain was examined by in situ hybridization histochemistry with a synthetic oligonucleotide probe. 5-HT transporter mRNA was expressed in neurons in most of the raphe nuclei. The dorsal and median raphe nuclei contained intensely labeled neurons, while the caudal linear nucleus,(More)
Glutamate transporters are essential for terminating excitatory neurotransmission. Two distinct glutamate transporters, glutamate-aspartate transporter (GLAST) and excitatory amino acid transporter 4 (EAAT4), are expressed most abundantly in the molecular layer of the cerebellar cortex. GLAST is expressed in Bergmann glial processes surrounding excitatory(More)
Excessively released glutamate is neurotoxic. Glutamate transporters maintain the extracellular level of glutamate by uptake into glia or neurons. We examined the role of GLT-1, a glial glutamate transporter, in brain damage resulting from transient focal ischemia in mice. Heterozygous gene deletion of GLT-1 significantly augmented brain swelling resulting(More)