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Mammalian bombesin-like peptides are widely distributed in the central nervous system as well as in the gastrointestinal tract, where they modulate smooth-muscle contraction, exocrine and endocrine processes, metabolism and behaviour. They bind to G-protein-coupled receptors on the cell surface to elicit their effects. Bombesin-like peptide receptors cloned(More)
Gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP) is a mammalian bombesin-like peptide which is widely distributed in the central nervous system as well as in the gastrointestinal tract. GRP binds to its high affinity receptor (GRPR) to elicit a wide spectrum of biological effects on behavior, digestion, and metabolism. To define the in vivo function of GRPR, we generated(More)
Using in situ hybridization histochemistry and immunohistochemistry, the present study examines the cooperative regulation of transcription of molecules involved in the Ras-signal and the cAMP dependent protein kinase (PKA) pathways during peripheral nerve regeneration in rats. Injury to hypoglossal motor neurons resulted in an increase in extracellular(More)
The 5'-terminal region of the rat neurotensin receptor (NTR) gene was isolated and characterized. Genomic Southern analysis revealed that the NTR gene occurs as a single copy in the rat haploid genome. The upstream putative promoter region did not contain canonical TATA or CAAT boxes but has a consensus sequence for the transcription factor Sp1. This(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of walking combined with diet therapy (1,000-1,600 kcal/day) on insulin sensitivity in obese non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Subjects were divided into two groups: 10 patients were managed by diet alone (group D), and 14 patients were placed in the diet and exercise(More)
The expression of oxytocin receptor (OT-R) mRNA in the rat central nervous system was examined by in situ hybridization histochemistry using cRNA probe. Wide distribution of cells expressing OT-R mRNA was observed not only in the hypothalamus, but also in other regions. There were high levels of OT-R mRNA in the anterior olfactory nuclei, tenia tecta,(More)
The present study attempted to explore the gene expression of the subunits (GluR1-4) of the alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA)-type receptor, subunit (GluR5) of kainic acid (KA)-type receptor, NR1 [a subunit of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors] and the possible glutamate-binding subunit of an NMDA receptor complex in the(More)