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Macrophages are important in the induction of new blood vessel growth during wound repair, inflammation and tumour growth. We show here that tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), a secretory product of activated macrophages that is believed to mediate tumour cytotoxicity, is a potent inducer of new blood vessel growth (angiogenesis). In vivo, TNF-alpha(More)
Modulation of the growth of human and murine cell lines in vitro by recombinant human tumor necrosis factor-alpha (rTNF-alpha) and recombinant human interferon-gamma (rIFN-gamma) was investigated. rTNF-alpha had cytostatic or cytolytic effects on only some tumor cell lines. When administered together with rIFN-gamma, rTNF-alpha showed enhanced(More)
The interaction of highly purified recombinant human tumor necrosis factor-alpha (rTNF-alpha) with human polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) was investigated. Binding of 125I-rTNF-alpha to PMN reached maximum levels in 30 min at 37 degrees C and in 2 h at 4 degrees C. Scatchard analysis of competitive binding data indicated approximately 6000 receptor(More)
INTRODUCTION Despite the advent of biological therapies for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, there is a compelling need to develop alternative therapeutic targets for nonresponders to existing treatments. Soluble receptors occur naturally in vivo, such as the splice variant of the cell surface receptor for vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)--a(More)
The HER2 protooncogene encodes a 185-kD transmembrane phosphoglycoproteins, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (p185HER2), whose amplified expression on the cell surface can lead to malignant transformation. Overexpression of HER2/p185HER2 is strongly correlated with progression of human ovarian and breast carcinomas. Recent studies have shown that(More)
INTRODUCTION Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic disease associated with inflammation and destruction of bone and cartilage. Although inhibition of TNFα is widely used to treat RA, a significant number of patients do not respond to TNFα blockade, and therefore there is a compelling need to continue to identify alternative therapeutic strategies for(More)
A hybrid protein between interferon-gamma and tumor necrosis factor-beta was made by ligating the respective genes and expressing the fused genes under the control of the trp promoter in Escherichia coli. The antiproliferative activity of the hybrid protein in vitro was greatly increased compared with either interferon-gamma or tumor necrosis factor-beta(More)
Cyclosporin A (CsA) has proven effective as an inhibitor of a variety of T cell responses in vitro, including antigen-specific proliferation, macrophage-mediated antigen presentation, and antigen-and lectin-induced cytokine production, including IL-1, IL-2, IL-3, and IFN-y, but not IFN-a/# (1). CsA appears to function in the prevention of graft rejection by(More)
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