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PURPOSE To characterize a long-term elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) glaucoma model in the rat with respect to electroretinographic (ERG) changes and the pattern and mechanism of retinal ganglion cell (RGC) death. METHODS; An approximate doubling of IOP was induced in one eye (G) of female Wistar rats (150-180 g) by cautery of 3 episcleral/limbal veins.(More)
Inclusions containing ubiquitin-protein aggregates appear in neurons of patients with neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease. The relationship between inclusion production and cell viability is not understood. To address this issue, we investigated the response of an established mouse neuronal cell line and of(More)
The solvothermal reaction of zinc acetate dihydrate with a mixture of benzene-1,4-dicarboxylic acid (H(2)BDC) and benzene-1,3,5-tricarboxylic acid (H(3)BTC) in a solution containing N,N'-dimethylformamide (DMF), absolute ethanol, and chlorobenzene gave rise to a metal-organic polymer, Zn(3).BDC.2BTC.2NH(CH(3))(2).2NH(2)(CH(3))(2). The structure of this(More)
The hydrothermal reaction of ZnUO2(OAc)4.7H2O with pyridine-2,3-dicarboxylic acid gives rise to a novel uranium-zinc-organic coordination polymer containing infinite U-O-Zn double sheets and organic ligands. Thermal and photoelectrochemical analyses indicate that the coordination polymeric compound not only has a high thermal stability but also exhibits(More)
An organic molecule containing cobalt phosphate (denoted CoPO-GIS) which is isostructural with the zeolite gismondine has been synthesized under solvothermal conditions by using [Co(en)3]Cl3 and phosphoric acid as the reactants and ethylene glycol as the solvent. CoPO-GIS ((H3NCH2CH2NH3)0.5.CoPO4) crystallizes in the monoclinic space group C2/c with a =(More)
The multicatalytic proteinase complex (MPC) or proteasome is a multimeric, high-molecular-weight (700,000), extralysosomal proteolytic enzyme found in eukaryotes and in archaebacteria. Its multiple catalytic sites grant it a broad cleavage specificity toward short peptides and protein substrates. The pH optima of the catalytic activities of MPC are in the(More)
The laccase and ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (USPIO) have been assembled inside the tubular mesoporous silica via co-adsorption technology to prepare host/guest-type immobilized laccase, which is applied to degrade methoxychlor (MXC) in aqueous and reverse micelle environments. The effects of various parameters on degradation of MXC(More)
Carbon dioxide, originating from the combustion of fossil fuel, is the most important greenhouse gas contributing to global warming. To further elucidate this topic, which is of worldwide interest, and achieve the goals of carbon dioxide emission reduction and utilization, extensive research has been carried out to convert carbon dioxide gas into other(More)
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