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We present a current perception of the regulation of activation of cardiac myofilaments with emphasis on troponin (Tn) and tropomyosin (Tm). Activation involves both a Ca2+-regulated molecular switch and a potentiated state, dependent on feedback effects of force-generating crossbridges. Recent developments in the elucidation of the structure and(More)
Heterotrimeric GTP-binding proteins (G proteins) regulate cellular activity by coupling to hormone or sensory receptors. Stimulated receptors catalyse the release of GDP from G protein alpha-subunits and GTP bound to the empty alpha-subunits provides signals that control effectors such as adenylyl cyclases, phosphodiesterases, phospholipases and ion(More)
Although the C terminus of troponin I is known to be important in myofilament Ca2+ regulation in skeletal muscle, the regulatory function of this region of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) has not been defined. To address this question, the following recombinant proteins were expressed in Escherichia coli and purified: mouse wild-type cTnI (WT cTnI; 211 residues),(More)
Cardiac troponin I (cTnI) is an essential element in activation of myofilaments by Ca2+ binding to cardiac troponin C (cTnC). Yet, its role in transduction of the Ca2+ binding signal to cardiac troponin T (cTnT) and tropomyosin-actin remain poorly understood. We have recently discovered that regions of cTnI C-terminal to a previously defined inhibitory(More)
The N-terminal region of skeletal myosin light chain-1 (MLC-1) binds to the C terminus of actin, yet the functional significance of this interaction is unclear. We studied a fragment (MLC-pep; residues 5-14) of the ventricular MLC-1. When added to rat cardiac myofibrils, 10 nM MLC-pep induced a supramaximal increase in the MgATPase activity at submaximal(More)
In photoreceptor cells of vertebrates light activates a series of protein-protein interactions resulting in activation of a cGMP-phosphodiesterase (PDE). Interaction between the GTP-bound form of rod G-protein alpha-subunit (alpha t) and PDE inhibitory gamma-subunit (P gamma) is a key event for effector enzyme activation. This interaction has been studied(More)
The heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide binding proteins (G proteins) are activated by sensory or hormone receptors. In turn, the G proteins activate effector proteins such as adenylyl cyclase, cyclic guanosine 3',5'-monophosphate phosphodiesterase (cGMP PDE), phospholipase C, and potassium and calcium ion channels by mechanisms that are poorly understood. A(More)
The molecular basis of the interaction between the visual receptor, rhodopsin, and the rod outer segment GTP-binding protein, transducin or Gt, was studied using a synthetic-peptide-competition approach to elucidate the site(s) on the Gt alpha-subunit (alpha t) involved in high-affinity binding to light-activated rhodopsin (R*). Synthetic peptides based on(More)
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