H M Griffin

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BACKGROUND Stimulation of the left vagus nerve (VNS) has been shown to control seizures in double blinded crossover studies in man. Animal studies have reported vagal afferent induced depression of nociceptive and motor reflexes which may be caused by an effect on the descending reticular system controlling spinal cord function. Anticonvulsant drug therapy(More)
BACKGROUND Early studies of cognitive motor control have shown deficits in complex reaction time tests of epileptic subjects. The purpose of this efficacy study was to determine whether chronic (28 months) stimulation of the left vagus nerve (VNS) to control seizures increased these deficits in 6 epileptic subjects with intractable complex partial seizures.(More)
Preliminary results of selected postural measures in quiet standing indicate that stimulation of the vagus nerve appears not to be producing adverse effects. With this specific sample size, more testing is needed to determine long-term effects and future data analyses will examine correlations between electroencephalogram results, drug levels, and seizure(More)
Quantitative measures of area of sway, total sway, and cognitive function failed to show significant differences in acute (50 minute) "ON-OFF-ON-OFF" studies of high frequency left vagal stimulation in three epileptic patients undergoing treatment for chronic complex partial seizures. Fluctuation in blood levels of anticonvulsants may have been associated(More)
Chronic stimulation of the vagus nerve does not seem to produce significant differences between high frequency and low frequency stimulation groups. Individuals within each group show significant changes between preoperative assessment and after 6-month stimulation. Some subjects showed significant improvement and some showed significant slowing of(More)
BACKGROUND Currently, decreases in seizure frequency are the accepted efficacy outcome measure of therapeutic interventions in the management of patients with epilepsy. In a longitudinal randomized controlled trial of 10 subjects with intractable complex partial seizures who received left vagal nerve stimulation (VNS) to control seizures, it was found that(More)
Balance and cognition were assessed in two patients with uncontrolled complex partial seizures. The patients were on anticonvulsant medications and were treated with left vagal stimulation. Balance and cognition were assessed before and after vagal stimulation, and the results were compared with age matched controls and older patients with Parkinson's(More)
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