H M Fogelson

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Recent evidence has demonstrated that nicotine may obtund the symptoms of Tourette's syndrome (TS). TS is a neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by motor and vocal tics, obsessions and compulsions, and frequently with impulsivity, distractibility, and visual-motor deficits. While neuroleptics, such as haloperidol, are most effective for treatment of the(More)
Nicotine was found to markedly potentiate haloperidol-induced hypokinesia in rats. Nicotine alone was without effect. Subsequently, concurrent administration of 2 mg nicotine gum to 10 Tourette syndrome patients being treated with haloperidol produced a substantial decrease in tics and improvement of concentration and attention span. Nicotine gum alone was(More)
Primary tumours of the thalamus are rare and present several diagnostic and therapeutic problems. Cystic thalamic lesions tend to be low grade astrocytomas and have only been reported in children. Signs and symptoms can be divided into those due to intracranial hypertension and those due to loss of function of thalamic nuclei and surrounding structures.(More)
We report a case of stroke in a child with acquired protein C deficiency receiving valproic acid (VPA). To investigate the possible association of VPA with protein C deficiency, protein C levels were measured in 20 children receiving VPA monotherapy and 20 children receiving other anticonvulsants. Protein C levels were reduced in up to 45% of the(More)
Both heart and brain are at risk for damage from asphyxia. However, these 2 organs' relative injury-thresholds have remained poorly defined. The present study using 16 anesthetized newborn piglets attempts to separate brain and heart damaging exposures from those that leave these organs unaffected. The hypoxic exposure (mean PaO2 = 3.6 +/- 0.6 kPa (27 mmHg)(More)
Fourteen very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) preterm infants with and without intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) were prospectively followed from birth to 4 to 8 years for the purpose of determining neurologic and cognitive sequelae associated with ICH severity and to correlate outcomes with brain morphology as determined by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI).(More)
From birth, an infant girl had repeated episodes of loss of consciousness, apnea and bradycardia, aphonia, and severe pharyngeal-esophageal discoordination. These functional deficits correlated with a gross and microscopic malformation of the medulla oblongata, which is characterized by profound deficits of motor and sensory nuclei and of the reticular(More)
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