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Inflammation is commonly observed in liver diseases and is frequently complicated by fibrosis and cirrhosis in end-stage disease. The only curative treatment for cirrhotic patients is liver transplantation. However, organ shortage as well as an increasing organ demand call for early treatment of liver disease and prevention of fibrosis. Experimental data(More)
Gut-derived, endotoxin-mediated hepatocellular damage has been postulated to play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of alcohol-induced liver injury in rodents. Endotoxins induce production of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) by Kupffer cells via Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 and contribute to liver injury. This study addressed the contribution of other(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is a severe complication of liver cirrhosis. Recently, ornipressin, a potent splanchnic vasoconstrictor, was reported to improve renal function in patients with HRS. However, this treatment is associated with a high incidence of vascular complications. Terlipressin is thought to be as effective as ornipressin with less(More)
The implantation of Enteryx polymer in the LES is a fast, minimally invasive procedure with anticipated low procedural risks and limited costs. Preliminary clinical data after 6 months of follow-up show good results in more than 80% of the patients, with objective improvement of acid reflux time. Enteryx is effective in the management of GERD, as evidenced(More)
Acute pancreatitis (AP) is an inflammatory disease involving the production of different cytokines and chemokines and is characterized by leukocyte infiltration. Because the chemokine receptor CCR5 and its ligands [the CC chemokines CCL3/MIP-1alpha, CCL4/MIP-1beta, and CCL5/regulated upon activation, normal T cell expressed and secreted (RANTES)] regulate(More)
Due to its large prevalence, gastro-oesophageal reflux disease is an ideal target for companies developing medical devices designed to cure reflux. Indeed, because medications leave part of the patients unsatisfied, there is a potential place for alternative therapies, capable of restoring an efficacious anti-reflux barrier, but without the drawbacks of(More)
The role of the anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-10 (IL-10) was investigated in the mouse model of liver injury induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4). To address the role of endogenous IL-10 production, acute hepatitis was induced by CCl4 in C57Bl/6 IL-10 gene knock out (KO) and wild-type (WT) mice. After CCl4 challenge, serum and liver levels of(More)
BACKGROUND A novel transoral incisionless fundoplication (TIF) procedure using the EsophyX system with SerosaFuse fasteners was designed to reconstruct a full-thickness valve at the gastroesophageal junction through tailored delivery of multiple fasteners during a single-device insertion. The safety and efficacy of TIF for treating gastroesophageal reflux(More)
Experimental T-cell-mediated hepatitis induced by concanavalin A (Con A) involves the production of different cytokines and chemokines and is characterized by leukocyte infiltration. Because the chemokine receptor CCR5 and its ligands (CCL3, CCL4, and CCL5) regulate leukocyte chemotaxis and activation, we investigated the role of CCR5 during Con A-induced(More)
Experimental T-cell-mediated hepatitis induced by concanavalin A (Con A) involves the production of proinflammatory cytokines. Because interleukin (IL)-10 is a potent anti-inflammatory cytokine derived from macrophages and T cells and is produced within the liver, we investigated the role of IL-10 in modulating the hepatotoxicity and the secretion of(More)