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BACKGROUND Activities of daily living (ADL) deficits are integral components of dementia disorders, and ADL measures are among the most robust markers of the course of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Despite this acknowledged importance, no clearly useful ADL instrument for cross-cultural application in pharmacologic trials in the early stages of AD had been(More)
The SKT is a simple and short test for assessing cognitive impairment of memory and attention. The test consists of nine subtests, each limited to a maximum performance time of 60 seconds. Thus, total testing time normally does not exceed 10 to 15 minutes. Test scoring and auditing are also accomplished within a short time and are easily learned. The test(More)
BACKGROUND It is not known how characteristics of suicide attempts vary with different forms of alcohol involvement. The aim of this study is to clarify the role of alcohol use disorder and acute alcohol consumption in suicide attempts. METHODS Data on 1921 suicide attempts was gathered in a major German city over a 5-year period. Suicide attempts were(More)
Many of the psychometric instruments employed in dementia research are adapted versions of tests developed in countries different from those in which they are applied. The validity of these instruments has been established in their countries of origin; however, there is little information available regarding their validity when transferred to other(More)
There are more than 100 memory clinics established in Germany, Austria and German-speaking Switzerland. We compared the impact of the structure of two German memory clinics (Erlangen and Nuremberg) on therapeutic outcome. 483 patients suffering from dementia with indication for antidementive therapy were included in this study. The data ascertainment(More)
BACKGROUND The assessment of the appropriate level of development in children belongs to the standard duties of physicians in the public health system. Due to a steady increase of dementia in Germany the assessment of cognitive abilities of the elderly is becoming more and more the focus of future activities. Such an assessment of cognitive functioning(More)
In addition to cognitive performance tests, the assessment of activities of daily living (ADL) is becoming increasingly important in diagnosing and following up dementia. Therefore, we compared results obtained from ADL informant and self reports and from the SKT short test for assessing deficits of memory and attention. Data were available from a total of(More)
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