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Although Rat-1 fibroblasts expressing c-myc constitutively are unable to arrest growth in low serum, their numbers do not increase in culture because of substantial cell death. We show this cell death to be dependent upon expression of c-myc protein and to occur by apoptosis. Regions of the c-myc protein required for induction of apoptosis overlap with(More)
Transfection of embryo fibroblasts by a human ras oncogene does not convert them into tumour cells unless the fibroblasts are established and immortalized before transfection. The embryo fibroblasts become tumorigenic if a second oncogene such as a viral or cellular myc gene or the gene for the polyoma large-T antigen is introduced together with the ras(More)
c-Myc (Myc) and Max proteins dimerize and bind DNA through basic-helix-loop-helix-leucine zipper motifs (b-HLH-LZ). Using a genetic approach, we demonstrate that binding to Max is essential for Myc transforming activity and that Myc homodimers are inactive. Mutants of Myc and Max that bind efficiently to each other but not to their wild-type partners were(More)
ras and myc oncogenes were able to induce distinct phenotypic alterations, resembling different types of premalignant lesions, when introduced into approximately 0.1% of the cells used to reconstitute the mouse prostate gland. While ras induced dysplasia in combination with angiogenesis, myc induced a hyperplasia of the otherwise normally developed organ.(More)
The sequence of a cDNA encoding the nonapeptide arginine vasopressin (AVP) and its carrier protein, neurophysin II (NpII) from bovine hypothalamus, proves that the 166-amino acid precursor molecule contains a signal peptide of 19 amino acids followed directly by AVP connected to NpII by a Gly-Lys-Arg sequence. The carboxy-terminal region of the precursor(More)
Cyclin E-Cdk2 kinase activation is an essential step in Myc-induced proliferation. It is presumed that this requires sequestration of G(1) cell cycle inhibitors p27(Kip1) and p21(Cip1) (Ckis) via a Myc-induced protein. We provide biochemical and genetic evidence to show that this sequestration is mediated via induction of cyclin D1 and/or cyclin D2 protein(More)
The protein p53 is highly expressed in a large variety of transformed cell types originating from diverse species. These include cells transformed by Simian virus 40 (SV40), adenovirus and Abelson virus, as well as a variety of chemically transformed cells. Substantial amounts of p53 are also present in certain non-transformed cells, for example, some(More)
The c-myc protein (Myc) contains an amino-terminal transcriptional activation domain and a carboxy-terminal basic helix-loop-helix-leucine zipper (bHLH-Z) domain that directs dimerization of Myc with its partner, the max protein (Max), and promotes DNA binding to sites containing a CACGTG core consensus sequence. Despite these characteristics and the(More)