H L Rosenzweig

Learn More
BACKGROUND Molecular mechanisms of neuroprotection that lead to ischaemic tolerance are incompletely understood. Identification of genes involved in the process would provide insight into cell survival and therapeutic approaches for stroke. We developed a mouse model of neuroprotection in stroke and did gene expression profiling to identify potential(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Tolerance to ischemic brain injury is induced by several preconditioning stimuli, including lipopolysaccharide (LPS). A small dose of LPS given systemically confers ischemic protection in the brain, a process that appears to involve activation of an inflammatory response before ischemia. We postulated that LPS preconditioning(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) preconditioning provides neuroprotection against subsequent cerebral ischemic injury. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) is protective in LPS-induced preconditioning yet exacerbates neuronal injury in ischemia. Here, we define dual roles of TNFalpha in LPS-induced ischemic tolerance in a murine model of stroke and in primary(More)
Osteopontin (OPN) is a secreted extracellular phosphoprotein involved in diverse biologic functions, including inflammation, cell migration, and antiapoptotic processes. Here we investigate the neuroprotective potential of OPN to reduce cell death using both in vitro and in vivo models of ischemia. We show that incubation of cortical neuron cultures with(More)
Nucleotide-binding and oligomerization domain-2 (NOD2) is an intracellular protein involved in innate immunity and linked to chronic inflammatory diseases in humans. Further characterization of the full spectrum of proteins capable of binding to NOD2 may provide new insights into its normal functioning as well as the mechanisms by which mutated forms cause(More)
OBJECTIVE Blau syndrome is an autoinflammatory disease resulting from mutations in the NOD2 gene, wherein granulomatous arthritis, uveitis, and dermatitis develop. The mechanisms by which aberrant NOD2 causes joint inflammation are poorly understood. Indeed, very few studies have addressed the function of nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain 2 (NOD-2)(More)
OBJECTIVE The spondylarthritides (such as ankylosing spondylitis) are multisystem inflammatory diseases that frequently result in uveitis. Despite the common co-occurrence of uveitis with arthritis, there has been no explanation for the susceptibility of the eye to inflammation. Using an innovative intravital videomicroscopic approach, we discovered the(More)
Nucleotide-binding and oligomerization domain 2 (NOD2) belongs to the emerging Nod-like receptor (NLR) family considered important in innate immunity. Mutations in NOD2 cause Blau syndrome, an inherited inflammation of eye, joints, and skin. Mutations in a homologous region of another NLR member, NALP3, cause autoinflammation, wherein IL-1beta plays a(More)
Innate immune receptors such as the nucleotide-binding domain, leucine-rich repeat-containing (NBD-LRR) receptors, referred to as NLRs, are known to serve as a critical component of host defense. However, their participation in inflammatory responses within immune privileged sites such as the brain and eye is less understood. The potential importance of(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Peptidoglycan (PGN) recognition proteins (PGLYRPs) are innate immune molecules that recognise bacterial cell wall PGN, and participate in several inflammatory diseases such as arthritis. We sought to elucidate the contribution of PGLYRPs in murine uveitis (intraocular inflammatory disease) elicited by PGN, and the extent to which systemically(More)