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Contact sensitivity (CS) is a form of delayed-type hypersensitivity to haptens applied epicutaneously and is thought to be mediated, like classical delayed-type hypersensitivity responses, by CD4+ T helper-1 cells. The aim of this study was to identify the effector T cells involved in CS. We studied CS to the strongly sensitizing hapten dinitrofluorobenzene(More)
In an attempt to study the possible role of active sleep in brain development, male rats were injected twice daily with chlorimipramine, a potent monoamine reuptake blocker, from 1 week to 3 weeks of postnatal age. AS was reduced to less than 10% of total sleep time, the level found in mature rats. Most of the AS reduction was compensated for by quiet sleep(More)
Contact sensitivity to para-phenylenediamine (PPD) is a frequent delayed-type hypersensitivity resulting in contact dermatitis. The aim of the present study, conducted in 16 patients allergic to PPD (as assessed by a positive patch test), was to get better insight into the mechanism of T-cell activation in PPD contact sensitivity. PPD was unable to induce(More)
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory cutaneous disease of unknown etiology. Activation of T cells is thought to play a major role in the pathophysiology of psoriasis. In order to gain insight into the nature of the antigen (superantigen or nominal protein antigen) involved in psoriatic lesions, we have used a RT-PCR method to analyze the frequency of the 24(More)
Oral tolerance is defined by immune unresponsiveness after oral administration of soluble antigens and by antigen-specific inhibition of peripheral immune responses induced by prior antigen feeding. The aim of this study was to investigate the implication of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II presentation pathway to CD4+ T cells in oral(More)
Murine models for the assessment of the contact sensitizing properties of chemicals rely on mouse ear swelling tests (Mest), which are not sensitive enough to detect weak sensitizers. The aim of the present study was to develop in mice an adjuvant-free Mest appropriate for in vivo detection of any type of sensitizer (weak to strong), and useful for in vitro(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated the important role of CD4+ T cells in the pathophysiology of psoriasis. One of the current hypotheses is that triggering of the psoriatic inflammatory process could be secondary to CD4+ T cell activation by bacterial superantigens in the skin. In this study, IL-2-derived T cell lines were recovered from the blood and the(More)