H Krauss

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Current nosography classifies major psychoses as separate disorders, but their symptomatological presentation during illness episodes largely overlaps and diagnoses may change during a lifetime. Few analyses of major psychoses symptomatology have been performed so far because of the large number of subjects needed to obtain stable factors. The purpose of(More)
The Premorbid Adjustment Scale (PAS) was developed by Cannon-Spoor et al. 1982 for research use and has gained importance internationally. This scale is designed to measure the extent of attaining developmental goals premorbidly. The German version is presented here, with first data on the reliability and validity of the scale. In a sample of schizophrenic(More)
In the search for genetic factors contributing to tardive dyskinesia, dopamine receptor genes are considered major candidates. The dopamine D3 receptor is of primary interest as dopamine D3 receptor knock-out mice show locomotor hyperactivation resembling extrapyramidal side-effects of neuroleptic treatment. Furthermore, Steen and colleagues (1997) recently(More)
Premorbid functioning seems to be a phenomenological marker that possibly distinguishes a subtype of schizophrenia. The Premorbid Adjustment Scale (PAS) is an instrument for measuring premorbid functioning. It has gained international acceptance, although little is known about the reliability and validity of the test. Here data on the reliability and(More)
Antipsychotic drug-induced tardive dyskinesia (TD) is a serious problem during psychopharmacologic treatment of schizophrenic patients. In search of genetic factors contributing to TD, there is a lack of consensus regarding the role of the polymorphic isozyme cytochrome P450 CYP2D6, which is involved in the oxidative metabolism of antipsychotic drugs. In(More)
Affective symptomatology has repeatedly been suggested to confer susceptibility to tardive dyskinesia (TD). In our sample of 174 schizophrenic patients a history of depressive symptoms was not associated with the occurrence of TD, whereas manic symptomatology was significantly associated with the absence of TD. Thus, our data suggest that affective(More)
Cryptococcosis must be taken into account as a cause of basal meningitis. Along with a case report, clinical signs and guiding cerebrospinal fluid findings are evaluated. Special attention is paid to CSF-cytology, which provides important information in terms of identification and clinical course of the disease. For the first time C. neoformans, yielded(More)