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Distribution and number of ischemic cerebrovascular events were studied in 57 patients who suffered from heart disorders with proven or highly probable source of cardiac embolism and compared to 39 patients with ulcerations of the craniocervical vessels. Patients with coexisting lesions were excluded from the present study. Out of the 57 patients with(More)
OBJECTIVE The apolipoprotein E (APOE) polymorphism is known to impact on various neurologic disorders and has differential effects on the immune system and on CNS repair. Previous findings concerning a possible modulation of the clinical course of MS have been inconsistent, however. METHODS In a cross-sectional study, the authors investigated 374 patients(More)
OBJECTIVES In a series of 504 patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), quality of life (QOL) and its main clinical and demographic determinants were assessed in comparison with healthy individuals. MATERIALS AND METHODS A postal questionnaire with self-completed measures of disability (Expanded Disability Status Scale, EDSS), QOL (Quality of Life Index,(More)
Postural imbalance was measured in 39 survivors of severe closed head injury 7 to 66 months after head injury using a posturographic platform. The results were compared with those derived from age-matched healthy control subjects. Severe postural imbalance, particularly in an anteroposterior direction, was found in 16 patients, whereas 9 patients showed(More)
Coronal brain slices allow the study of neurotoxicity and "neuroprotection" under conditions where the differentiation-state and interrelationships of the neurones and glial cells are closer to those occurring in the intact tissue than is the case for co-cultured cell systems. The involvement of glial cells in the excitotoxicity of kainate and the(More)
Incubation of coronal slices of rat brain with neurotoxic concentrations of kainate (300 microM) and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA; 500 microM) for 40 min reduced the activity of the glial enzyme, glutamine synthetase, by 33% and 21%, respectively. The immunoreactivity of the neuronal enzyme, gamma gamma-enolase (neuron-specific enolase), was also decreased,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The apolipoprotein E 3/3 (apoE 3/3) genotype is associated with a reduced risk of developing Alzheimer's disease and with a favorable neurological outcome after traumatic head injury. In vitro studies suggest that the most common genotype, apoE 3/3, may be involved in neuroprotective and neuroregenerative mechanisms. The aim of this(More)
Recent clinical studies in multiple sclerosis (MS) provide new data on the treatment of clinically isolated syndromes, on secondary progression, on direct comparison of immunomodulatory treatments and on dosing issues. All these studies have important implications for the optimized care of MS patients. The multiple sclerosis therapy consensus group (MSTCG)(More)
Seventy-two adult patients suffering spontaneous subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) were investigated concerning early mortality. Five patients died within 3 weeks after the onset of clinical symptoms. A demonstrable bleeding source and a Hunt-Hess score greater than 2 were found to be powerful predictive factors for early mortality. Sixty-seven survivors of(More)