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INTRODUCTION Electrophysiological exploration of neuropathies is a standard method of investigating the dysfunction of myelinated larger fibers (Aalpha, Abeta). However, this method cannot test dysfunctions in other fibers. To evaluate the smaller (Adelta) and unmyelinated fiber (C-fibers) lesions a quantitative method has been perfected: the study of the(More)
We present evidence for the diffraction of light keV atoms and molecules grazingly scattered on LiF(001) and NaCl(001) surfaces. At such energies, the de Broglie wavelength is 2 orders of magnitude smaller that the mean thermal atomic displacement in the crystal. Thus, no coherent scattering was expected and interaction of keV atoms with surfaces is(More)
We report on the experimental observation and theoretical study of the bound state resonances in fast atom diffraction at surfaces. In our studies, the 4He atom beam has been scattered from a high-quality LiF(001) surface at very small grazing incidence angles. In this regime, the reciprocal lattice vector exchange with the surface allows transient trapping(More)
Slow F(+) ions (v<0.1 a.u.) scattered from a clean and flat LiF(001) surface under a grazing angle of incidence exhibit a high probability for forming F(-) ions in the reflected beam, whereas no negative ions are found for neutral F(0) projectiles. From detailed studies of projectile energy loss and charge transfer, we find evidence for a correlated(More)
Diffraction of fast atoms at grazing incidence has been recently demonstrated on the surface of alkali halides and wide band gap semiconductors, opening applications for the online monitoring of surface processes such as growth of ultrathin layers. This Letter reports energy resolved diffraction of helium on Ag(110) metal surface showing that a band gap is(More)
A new table top technique is used to simultaneously analyze the local morphology of crystalline surfaces as well as the misalignment of large scale domains at the topmost surface layer. The approach is based on fast atom diffraction at grazing incidence (GIFAD); the diffraction pattern yields the structural characteristics and the topology of the surface(More)
Neutralization of low keV Ne+ ions at a LiF(001) surface is studied in a grazing incidence geometry. The combination of energy loss and electron spectroscopy in coincidence reveals two neutralization channels of comparable importance. Besides the Auger process, the Ne+ neutralization can proceed via peculiar target excitation, corresponding to the formation(More)
The skipping motion of Ne+ ions in grazing scattering from the LiF(001) surface is studied for velocity below 0.1 a.u. with a time-of-flight technique. It is demonstrated that suppression of electronic excitation and dominance of optical phonon excitation in the projectile stopping results in an odd 1,3,5,... progression of the energy loss peaks, a feature(More)
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