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Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 infection is associated with progressive cell-mediated immune deficiency and abnormal immune activation. Although highly active antiretroviral therapy regimens can increase circulating CD4 T lymphocyte counts and decrease the risk of opportunistic complications, the effects of these treatments on immune reconstitution(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is associated with progressive loss of circulating CD4+ lymphocytes. Treatment with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has led to increases in CD4+ T lymphocytes of naive (CD45RA+62L+) and memory (CD45R0+RA-) phenotypes. Thymic computerized tomography scans were obtained on 30 individuals with HIV(More)
OBJECTIVES To ascertain if immunization results in the restoration of responses to recall antigens, in the development of responses to presumed neoantigens, and to identify the virologic and immunologic correlates of these responses in persons with HIV-1 infection. DESIGN AND SETTING Open-label study carried out at three university-affiliated AIDS(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the safety and antiviral activity of different dose levels of the HIV protease inhibitor ABT-378 combined with low-dose ritonavir, plus stavudine and lamivudine in antiretroviral-naive individuals. DESIGN Prospective, randomized, double-blind, multicenter. METHODS Eligible patients with plasma HIV-1 RNA > 5000 copies/ml received(More)
BACKGROUND AND METHODS Most strains of herpes simplex virus that are resistant to acyclovir are susceptible in vitro to both foscarnet and vidarabine. We conducted a randomized trial to compare foscarnet with vidarabine in 14 patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and mucocutaneous herpetic lesions that had been unresponsive to(More)
OBJECTIVE There are conflicting reports of adverse HIV-associated alterations in white matter integrity as measured by diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). We sought to address these conflicting reports by assessing, on a voxel-by-voxel basis, HIV-associated regional changes in radiologically defined normal-appearing white matter (NAWM) integrity using(More)
Various aspects of monocyte-associated function were evaluated in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells of male homosexuals who were infected with the human immunodeficiency disease virus (HIV). The functional assessments included indomethacin-sensitive regulation of blastogenesis and lymphokine-activated killer (LAK)-cell induction, chemiluminescent(More)
Although changes in function of monocytes from AIDS patients have previously been reported, the functional deficits that could occur in monocytes from asymptomatic HIV-seropositive individuals has not been extensively investigated. The goal of this study was to evaluate the oxidative burst response and cell surface marker expression of monocytes from this(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide recommendations for the treatment of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related cytomegalovirus (CMV) end-organ diseases, including retinitis, colitis, pneumonitis, and neurologic diseases. PARTICIPANTS A 17-member panel of physicians with expertise in clinical and virological research and inpatient care in the field of CMV diseases.(More)