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Patients with chronic kidney disease have elevated circulating asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA). Recent studies have suggested that ADMA impairs endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) by effects other than competition with the substrate L-arginine. Here, we sought to identify the molecular mechanism by which increased ADMA causes endothelial dysfunction(More)
BACKGROUND Constriction of the ductus arteriosus (DA) is initiated at birth by inhibition of O2-sensitive K+ channels in DA smooth muscle cells. Subsequent membrane depolarization and calcium influx through L-type calcium channels initiates functional closure. We hypothesize that Rho-kinase activation is an additional mechanism that sustains DA(More)
Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) complicates the hospital course of premature infants. Impaired oxygen (O2)-induced vasoconstriction in preterm ductus arteriosus (DA) contributes to PDA and results, in part, from decreased function/expression of O2-sensitive, voltage-gated potassium channels (Kv) in DA smooth muscle cells (DASMCs). This paradigm suggests that(More)
BACKGROUND In muscular dystrophy, cardiac function deteriorates with time and heart failure is one of the major causes of death. Although the combination of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) and beta-blockers improves cardiac function in adults, little is known about the efficacy of those drugs in patients with muscular dystrophy. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND The basic mechanisms of thromboembolism in cyanotic congenital heart disease (CCHD) have not been well clarified. P-selectin on the platelets reflects platelet activation. Thrombomodulin is a critical cofactor for thrombin-mediated activation of protein C and reflects the anticoagulant activity of the endothelium. The present study was performed(More)
RATIONALE The etiology of hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS), a common complication of cirrhosis, is unknown. Inflammation and macrophage accumulation occur in HPS; however, their importance is unclear. Common bile duct ligation (CBDL) creates an accepted model of HPS, allowing us to investigate the cause of HPS. OBJECTIVES We hypothesized that macrophages(More)
BACKGROUND Thromboembolic events account for significant morbidity and mortality after the Fontan procedure, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. P-selectin on platelets indicates platelet activation. Thrombomodulin (TM), a receptor for thrombin and a major anticoagulant proteoglycan on the endothelial membrane, reflects the anticoagulant activity(More)
AIMS Unsatisfactory effects of therapeutic angiogenesis in critical limb ischaemia may be ascribed to use of circulating angiogenic cells (CACs) derived from atherosclerotic patients with impaired neovascularization-related capacities. We tested whether ultrasound cell stimulation can restore the impaired capacities. METHODS AND RESULTS During culture of(More)
Implantation of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)-inhibitor drug-eluting stents (DESs) impairs coronary endothelial function. There are no known non-invasive biomarkers of coronary endothelial dysfunction. We aimed to assess the association between serum interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) and coronary endothelial dysfunction in patients with mTOR-inhibitor DES(More)
An increase in short-term blood pressure (BP) variability is a characteristic feature of hypertensive patients, especially in elderly patients. There is increasing evidence that large BP variability aggravates hypertensive target organ damage and is an independent risk factor for the cardiovascular events in elderly hypertensive patients. However, little is(More)