H. Josef Vetten

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ABSTRACT Serological analysis of diseased chickpea and faba bean plantings with yellowing and stunting symptoms suggested the occurrence of an unknown or uncommon member of the family Luteoviridae in Ethiopia. Degenerate primers were used for reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction amplification of the viral coat protein (CP) coding region from both(More)
Turnip mosaic potyvirus (TuMV) is probably the most widespread and damaging virus that infects cultivated brassicas worldwide. Previous work has indicated that the virus originated in western Eurasia, with all of its closest relatives being viruses of monocotyledonous plants. Here we report that we have identified a sister lineage of TuMV-like potyviruses(More)
Faba bean necrotic yellows virus (FBYNV), Milk vetch dwarf virus (MDV), and Subterranean clover stunt virus (SCSV) are nanoviruses that infect leguminous plants. From MDV- and SCSV-infected tissue we identified viral DNAs that encode a replication initiator protein (Rep), essential for replication of the multiple circular single-stranded DNAs of these(More)
Faba bean necrotic yellows virus (FBNYV) belongs to the nanoviruses, plant viruses whose genome consists of multiple circular single-stranded DNA components. Eleven distinct DNAs, 5 of which encode different replication initiator (Rep) proteins, have been identified in two FBNYV isolates. Origin-specific DNA cleavage and nucleotidyl transfer activities were(More)
Nanoviruses are multipartite single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) plant viruses that cause important diseases of leguminous crops and banana. Little has been known about the variability and molecular evolution of these viruses. Here we report on the variability of faba bean necrotic stunt virus (FBNSV), a nanovirus from Ethiopia. We found mutation frequencies of(More)
Four further circular ssDNA components (C7-C10), about 1 kb in size and structurally similar to the previously described components (C1-C6) found associated with a Syrian (Sy) isolate of faba bean necrotic yellows virus (FBNYV), have been identified. Similar to C1 and C2, two of the new components (C7 and C9) encode putative replication-associated (Rep)(More)
The serological relationships among strains of bean common mosaic virus (BCMV) (genus Potyvirus, family Potyviridae) were investigated by testing 13 isolates of the 10 known BCMV pathotypes with two monoclonal antibodies and six antisera to BCMV strains. In addition, other properties of serologically distinct BCMV strains were compared. Two groups of BCMV(More)
Faba bean necrotic yellows virus (FBNYV) has a multicomponent circular ssDNA genome. In addition to a previously described genome component (C1) coding for a replicase-associated protein (Rep), five further components (C2 to C6) have now been identified. Each of the six components is about 1 kb in size, contains one major open reading frame (ORF) in the(More)
Clink, a 20-kDa protein of faba bean necrotic yellows virus, a single-stranded DNA plant virus, interacts with pRB family members and a SKP1 homologue from Medicago sativa. An LxCxE motif and an F-box of Clink mediate the interactions with the respective proteins. The capacity of Clink to bind pRB correlates with its ability to stimulate viral replication.(More)
The interrelationship of a number of potyviruses infecting legumes has been investigated by comparing molecular properties of their coat proteins. Comparison of the coat proteins by the techniques of amino acid analysis and PAGE was inadequate to distinguish strains from distinct potyviruses. However, high-performance liquid chromatographic peptide profiles(More)