Learn More
(1993). Weighted averaging partial least squares regression (WA-PLS): definition and comparison with other methods for species-environment calibration. ABSTRACT A multivariate calibration method is proposed that relates to correspondence analysis as partial least squares (PLS) relates to principal components analysis. The new method extends and improves the(More)
As rates of deforestation continue to rise in many parts of the tropics, the international conservation community is faced with the challenge of finding approaches which can reduce deforestation and provide rural livelihoods in addition to conserving biodiversity. Much of modern-day conservation is motivated by a desire to conserve 'pristine nature' in(More)
A modern diatom-pH calibration data-set consisting of surface-sediment diatom assemblages from 118 lakes and 530 taxa is presented. The AL:PE data-set is from high-altitude or high-latitude lakes in the Alps, (pH range = 4.5–8.0; DOC range = 0.2–3.2 mg l –1). In addition, 92 epilithon samples from 22 high-altitude or high-latitude lakes comprise an AL:PE(More)
Ecosystems change in response to factors such as climate variability, invasions, and wildfires. Most records used to assess such change are based on short-term ecological data or satellite imagery spanning only a few decades. In many instances it is impossible to disentangle natural variability from other, potentially significant trends in these records,(More)
The distribution and abundance of Thelypteris limbosperma, Athyrium distentifolium, and Matteuccia struthiopteris are modelled statistically in relation to 14 environmental variables along the major climatic, topographic, and edaphic gradients in western Norway. The data are from 624 stands from which measurements or estimates of mean January and mean July(More)
A synthesis of well-dated high-resolution pollen records suggests a spatial structure in the 8200 cal yr BP event in northern Europe. The temperate, thermophilous tree taxa, especially Corylus, Ulmus, and Alnus, decline abruptly between 8300 and 8000 cal yr BP at most sites located south of 61 • N, whereas there is no clear change in pollen values at the(More)
Fossil records are replete with examples of long-term biotic responses to past climate change. One particularly useful set of records are those preserved in lake and marine sediments, recording both climate changes and corresponding biotic responses. Recently there has been increasing focus on the need for conservation of ecological and evolutionary(More)
There are two competing hypotheses about the structure and dynamics of primeval forests in lowland Europe: the high-forest and the wood-pasture hypotheses, both of which influence current European forest conservation policies. In a recent study using pollen-analytical data from across lowland Europe, Mitchell provides support for rejecting the wood-pasture(More)
During a field course the vegetation of the extensive mire complex on the west side of Malham Tarn was examined. 84 relevés were collected, with 210 taxa in total. This data set has been ‘structured’ by classical phytosociological techniques. It is suggested that it approaches the maximum size of data-set which can be handled in this way, especially if the(More)