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OBJECTIVE MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been shown to offer great potential in the diagnosis of cancer. We investigated whether plasma miRNAs could discriminate between patients with and without colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS This study was divided into three phases: (1) marker discovery using real-time PCR-based miRNA profiling on plasma, corresponding(More)
We report the prevalence rates for dementia and Alzheimer's disease (AD) obtained from a probability sample survey of 5,055 noninstitutionalized older persons in Shanghai, China. A two-stage procedure was used for case finding and case identification. A Chinese version of the Mini-Mental State Examination was used to determine cases of possible dementia.(More)
Mouse T-lymphoma cells contain a unique type of internal vesicle which bands at the relatively light density of 1.07 g/cc. These vesicles do not contain any detectable Golgi, endoplasmic reticulum, plasma membrane, or lysosomal marker protein activities. Binding of [3H]inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) to these internal vesicles reveals the presence of a(More)
ITP and dITP exist in all cells. dITP is potentially mutagenic, and the levels of these nucleotides are controlled by inosine triphosphate pyrophosphatase (EC ). Here we report the cloning, expression, and characterization of a 21.5-kDa human inosine triphosphate pyrophosphatase (hITPase), an enzyme whose activity has been reported in many animal tissues(More)
Tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) often locate at chromosomal regions with frequent deletions in tumors. Loss of 16q23 occurs frequently in multiple tumors, indicating the presence of critical TSGs at this locus, such as the well-studied WWOX. Herein, we found that ADAMTS18, located next to WWOX, was significantly downregulated in multiple carcinoma cell lines.(More)
MicroRNA (miRNA)-mediated gene silencing is one of the major regulatory pathways in eukaryotes. Much effort has been made to identify the factors involved in the pathway, and our understanding of RNA silencing has significantly advanced in recent years. Our group has been working on some of the issues regarding miRNA biogenesis and, in this paper, we(More)
Glutamate-induced excitotoxicity has been implicated as an important mechanism underlying a variety of brain injuries and neurodegenerative diseases. Previously we have shown that taurine has protective effects against glutamate-induced neuronal injury in cultured neurons. Here we propose that the primary underlying mechanism of the neuroprotective function(More)
We describe an mRNA profiling technique for determining differential gene expression that utilizes, but does not require, prior knowledge of gene sequences. This method permits high-throughput reproducible detection of most expressed sequences with a sensitivity of greater than 1 part in 100,000. Gene identification by database query of a restriction(More)
Recently we have reported that the membrane-associated form of the gamma-aminobutyric acid-synthesizing enzyme, l-glutamate decarboxylase (MGAD), is regulated by the vesicular proton gradient (Hsu, C. C., Thomas, C., Chen, W., Davis, K. M., Foos, T., Chen, J. L., Wu, E., Floor, E., Schloss, J. V., and Wu, J. Y. (1999) J. Biol. Chem. 274, 24366-24371). In(More)
Tumour suppressor genes (TSGs) were frequently inactivated through promoter hypermethylation in gastric carcinoma as well as pre-malignant gastric lesions, suggesting that promoter hypermethylation can be used as a marker to define novel TSGs and also biomarkers for early detection of gastric cancer. In an effort to search for such genes aberrantly(More)