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OBJECTIVE MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been shown to offer great potential in the diagnosis of cancer. We investigated whether plasma miRNAs could discriminate between patients with and without colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS This study was divided into three phases: (1) marker discovery using real-time PCR-based miRNA profiling on plasma, corresponding(More)
We report the prevalence rates for dementia and Alzheimer's disease (AD) obtained from a probability sample survey of 5,055 noninstitutionalized older persons in Shanghai, China. A two-stage procedure was used for case finding and case identification. A Chinese version of the Mini-Mental State Examination was used to determine cases of possible dementia.(More)
Neuropsychiatric disorders such as anxiety, depression, migraine, vasospasm and epilepsy may involve different subtypes of the 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) receptor. The 1B subtype, which has a unique pharmacology, was first identified in rodent brain. But a similar receptor could not be detected in human brain, suggesting the absence in man of a receptor(More)
The effect of the cytoplasmic tail of influenza hemagglutinin (HA) (H3 subtype) on fusion kinetics and pore growth was examined An SV40 recombinant virus was used to express wild-type (WT) HA and HA mutants containing changes in the HA cytoplasmic tail. HA and its mutants were expressed in CV-1 cells and the ability of these cells to fuse to either red(More)
We estimated the genome size of Korean ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer), a medicinal herb, constructed a HindIII BAC library, and analyzed BAC-end sequences to provide an initial characterization of the library. The 1C nuclear DNA content of Korean ginseng was estimated to be 3.33 pg (3.12 x 10(3) Mb). The BAC library consists of 106,368 clones with an(More)
In this report, the regulatable expression by tetracycline of the rat recombinant P2X(3) receptor in stably transfected Chinese hamster ovary (CHO-K1) expressing the tetracycline-controlled transactivator (tTA) is described. cDNA encoding the rat P2X(3)-receptor was subcloned into pTRE (a tetracycline-repressible expression vector) which was used to(More)
The cytoplasmic tails of the influenza virus glycoproteins hemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA) are highly conserved in sequence for all virus subtypes and it is believed that assembly of this enveloped virus depends on interactions of these domains with cytoplasmic viral components. However, it is possible to rescue altered influenza viruses lacking(More)
Glutamate-induced excitotoxicity has been implicated as an important mechanism underlying a variety of brain injuries and neurodegenerative diseases. Previously we have shown that taurine has protective effects against glutamate-induced neuronal injury in cultured neurons. Here we propose that the primary underlying mechanism of the neuroprotective function(More)
Intracerebral or intraspinal grafting of genetically modified primary fibroblasts has been shown to enhance functional recovery in several models of CNS disease, including spinal cord injury. Most of these studies utilized retrovirus vectors. In this report, we describe in vitro conditions for genetically modifying primary fibroblasts with recombinant(More)
BACKGROUND Recombinant human growth hormone (GH) improves in vivo cardiac function in rats with postinfarction heart failure (MI). We examined the effects of growth hormone (14 days of 3.5 mg. kg-1. d-1 begun 4 weeks after MI) on contractile reserve in left ventricular myocytes from rats with chronic postinfarction heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS Cell(More)