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Soybean isoflavones have been proposed to be anticarcinogenic, but their effective doses have not been established. To study their bioavailability, seven women consumed 3.4, 6.9, or 10.3 mumol isoflavones/kg body wt in soymilk in each of three meals of a liquid diet on one of three feeding days that were separated by 2-wk washout periods. Subjects were(More)
Soybean isoflavones are proposed to be anticarcinogenic, but their effective doses have not been established. To study the bioavailability of soybean isoflavones for humans, 12 young adult women received single doses of 0.7, 1.3 and 2.0 mg isoflavones/kg body wt in soybean milk as part of a liquid diet. Plasma, urine and fecal isoflavones were measured by(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the multicenter application of intraoperative lymphatic mapping, sentinel lymphadenectomy, and selective complete lymph node dissection (LM/SL/SCLND) for the management of early-stage melanoma. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA The multidisciplinary technique of LM/SL/SCLND has been widely adopted, but not validated in a multicenter trial. The(More)
Soil organic carbon (SOC) is of great importance in the global carbon cycle. Distribution patterns of SOC in various regions of China constitute a nation-wide baseline for studies on soil carbon changes. This paper presents an integrated and multi-level study on SOC stock patterns of China, and presents baseline SOC stock estimates by great administrative(More)
The H(+)/base transport processes that control the pH of the microenvironment adjacent to ameloblasts are not currently well-understood. Mice null for the AE2 anion exchanger have abnormal enamel. In addition, persons with mutations in the electrogenic sodium bicarbonate co-transporter NBCe1 and mice lacking NBCe1 have enamel abnormalities. These(More)
PURPOSE Approximately 30% of patients with American Joint Committee on Cancer stage I or II colorectal cancer (CRC) develop systemic disease. We hypothesized that multimarker reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis of sentinel lymph nodes (SNs) draining a primary CRC could detect micrometastases not detected by conventional(More)
A wavelet-based watermark casting scheme and a blind watermark retrieval technique are investigated in this research. An adaptive watermark casting method is developed to first determine significant wavelet subbands and then select a couple of significant wavelet coefficients in these subbands to embed watermarks. A blind watermark retrieval technique that(More)
PURPOSE Detection of micrometastases in the regional tumor-draining lymph nodes is critical for accurate staging and prognosis in melanoma patients. We hypothesized that a multiple-mRNA marker (MM) reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay would improve the detection of occult metastases in the sentinel node (SN), compared with(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic autoimmune disease affecting 1% of the world's population, with significant morbidity and mortality. In this study, we investigated a recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) vector for its potential application in RA gene therapy. rAAV encoding Escherichia coli beta-galactosidase was injected into rat joints which(More)
A vacuolating cytotoxin encoded by vacA in Helicobacter pylori is known as a potential virulent determinant. The relationship between different vacA alleles, vacuolating ability, and H. pylori-related diseases was investigated. Genetic analysis of 119 isolates from Taiwanese patients revealed that 104 strains were s1a/m2, 13 strains were characterized as(More)