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The effects of iontophoretically applied opiates were tested on 24 spinothalamic tract cells in 12 anesthetized monkeys. The drugs used were chosen because of their agonist actions on different classes of opiate receptors (mu, morphine; kappa, dynorphin; delta, methionine enkephalinamide; sigma, N-allylnormetazocine or SKF 10047 and phencyclidine). The(More)
Mammalian target of rapamycin complex (mTORC) regulates a variety of cellular responses including proliferation, growth, differentiation and cell migration. In this study, we show that mammalian target of rapamycin complex 2 (mTORC2) regulates invasive cancer cell migration through selective activation of Akt1. Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1)-induced(More)
The microbiota of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) constitutes the major part of the total human microbiome and is considered to be an important regulator of human health and host metabolism. Numerous investigations in recent years have focused on the connection between the human microbiota and metabolic diseases such as obesity, type II diabetes and(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies of patients with bilateral intracranial vertebral artery (ICVA) disease were selective and retrospective. METHODS We studied risk factors, vascular lesions, symptoms, signs, and outcomes in patients with bilateral ICVA disease among 430 patients in the New England Medical Center Posterior Circulation Registry. RESULTS(More)
The aim of this study was to predict the optimal depth for insertion of a left-sided central venous catheter in children. Using 3D chest computed tomography angiography, we measured the distance from a point where the internal jugular vein is at the superior border of the clavicle, and from a point where the subclavian vein is inferior to the anterior(More)
This study was aimed to investigate the underlying mechanism of vasodilation induced by the activation of A(2B) adenosine receptors in relation to cerebral blood flow (CBF) autoregulation. Changes in pial arterial diameters were observed directly through a closed cranial window. N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, nitric oxide synthase(More)
BACKGROUND Rituximab has dramatic impact on outcome of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), especially nongerminal center (non-GC) type. A low absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) before rituximab, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, adriamycin, and prednisone (R-CHOP) therapy as a surrogate marker of immune status is associated with poor clinical(More)
INTRODUCTION Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a well-known tumorigenic virus and is associated with lymphoproliferative disorders. Quantitations of EBV viral loads in plasma and peripheral blood mononuclear cells have been reported to be useful biomarkers for monitoring Hodgkin's lymphoma and EBV-associated non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). METHODS In the present(More)
Naegleria fowleri, a free-living amoeba, causes fatal primary amoebic meningoencephalitis in experimental animals and humans. The nfa1 gene (360 bp) was previously cloned from a cDNA library of pathogenic N. fowleri by immunoscreening, and produced a 13.1-kDa recombinant protein that showed pseudopodia-specific localization by immunocytochemistry. On the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Decreased fibrinolytic capacity due to increased plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) activity and decreased tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) activity has been associated with hypertension or atherothrombotic disorders. The aims of this study were to observe associations of the genetic polymorphism for PAI-1 and t-PA with(More)