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Tritiated arginine-vasopressin (AVP), desglycinamide-vasopressin (DGAVP), chicken gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) or carbetocin were injected intracarotidally into rats exposed to a restraint stress for 60 min. The peptide accumulations were determined in 9-13 brain regions and anterior pituitary. In separate experiments the cerebral blood flow was(More)
After intracarotid injection of 125I-arginine vasopressin (AVP), 125I- or 3H-lysine vasopressin (LVP), 3H-DesGlyNH2-arginine vasopressin (DGAVP), and 125I- or 3H-oxytocin (OXT), the accumulation of radioactivity was determined in 13 to 18 brain regions and anterior pituitary in rats. Calculated extraction by tight capillary regions amounts to about 1-2%(More)
The possibility that the blood-brain barrier (BBB) might play an important role in the pathophysiology of heat stress (HS) has been examined in young (age 8-9 weeks) and adult (age 24-32 weeks) rats. Exposure of young rats to 4 h HS at 38 degrees C in a biological oxygen demand (BOD) incubator (relative humidity 47-50%, wind velocity 20-26 cm/sec,(More)
After intracarotid injection of [3H]beta-casomorphin-5 (beta CM5) in rats, the accumulation of radioactivity was determined in 18 brain regions and the anterior pituitary. The relative accumulation in all regions significantly exceeded that of [3H]inulin by a factor of 2.5, indicating a low but measurable brain uptake of the peptide. In blood-brain(More)
The brain is both the source and the recipient of peptide signals. The question is: Do endogenous, blood-borne peptide molecules influence brain function? Brain regions with the tight capillaries of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) extract low but measurable amounts of labeled peptide molecules from an intracarotid bolus injection. In the rat, the extraction(More)
After intracarotid injection of [3H]gonadotropin-releasing hormone ([3H]GnRH) the mean accumulation of radioactivity per unit wet weight of 18 investigated brain samples and the anterior pituitary was 0.38 +/- 0.11% g-1 of the injected tracer dose. This indicates a low but measurable brain uptake of the peptide. The brain uptake of [3H]GnRH in blood-brain(More)
A total of 533 obstetric and gynecological outpatients who visited the dedicated clinics in Gondar, Ethiopia, between April and August 1995 were investigated for Chlamydia-specific antibodies. Relevant epidemiological and clinical data were collected using a pretested questionnaire, clinical examinations and laboratory tests. Earlier, using an antigen(More)
Using the intracarotid bolus injection technique, a saturable binding of [125I]atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) was found in 8 blood-brain barrier (BBB)-protected rat brain regions as well as in the pineal gland, choroid plexus, neurointermediate and anterior lobes of the pituitary, i.e. structures lacking a BBB. The presence of specific ANP binding on the(More)