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OBJECTIVE The principal MRI features of hippocampal sclerosis are volume loss and increased T2 weighted signal intensity. Minor and localised abnormalities may be overlooked without careful quantitation. Hippocampal T2 relaxation time (HT2) can be quantified, but previously has only been measured on a few thick coronal slices with interslice gaps. In this(More)
In the hippocampus of patients with therapy-refractory temporal lobe epilepsy, glial cells of area CA1 might be less able to take up potassium ions via barium-sensitive inwardly rectifying and voltage-independent potassium channels. Using ion-selective microelectrodes we investigated the effects of barium on rises in [K+]o induced by repetitive alvear(More)
These guidelines apply to patients whose seizures have not been controlled by antiepileptic drugs and who are being evaluated for possible surgery. They are supplemental to the general ''Recommendations for Neuroimaging of Patients with Epilepsy. " 2. GOALS In individual patients undergoing presurgical evalua-a. Delineation of structural and functional(More)
BACKGROUND Only one prospective randomized study on the extent of mesial resection in surgery for temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) exists. This randomized controlled trial (RCT) examines whether 3.5-cm mesial resection is leading to a better seizure outcome than a 2.5-cm resection. METHODS Three epilepsy surgery centers using similar MRI protocols,(More)
1. PREAMBLE These guidelines are intended to apply to patients with a clear diagnosis of epilepsy. They have been specifically formulated for the management of newly diagnosed patients and those with chronic epilepsy who have not been fully evaluated. They are not designed for full investigation of patients for possible surgical treatment. 2. AIMS AND(More)
Malformations of cortical development (MCD) are a common etiology for epilepsy. Laminar heterotopia, bilateral subependymal heterotopia, and lissencephaly have a genetic basis. No gene mutations have yet been identified in patients with focal cortical dysplasias. The aim of this study was to use quantitative morphometric tools to determine if there were(More)
BACKGROUND This paper is addressing outcome differences in interesting subgroups from a previous randomized controlled trial of the extent of mesial temporal lobe resection (TLR) for drug-resistant epilepsy, by looking at effects of randomization, intended resection group, center, and true resection extent on seizure outcome. METHODS One hundred and(More)
On neuropathological investigation of eight cases with primary generalized epilepsy, none showed elective parenchymal necrosis, which is regarded (qualitatively and topologically) as characteristic of epilepsy in classical neuropathology. In seven of the eight cases, however, marked microdysgenesis with varying regional distribution was found. These(More)
Historically, seizure semiology was the main feature in the differential diagnosis of epileptic syndromes. With the development of clinical EEG, the definition of electroclinical complexes became an essential tool to define epileptic syndromes, particularly focal epileptic syndromes. Modern advances in diagnostic technology, particularly in neuroimaging and(More)