H-J Markowitsch

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Prognostic variables for individual memory outcome after left anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) were studied in 27 patients with refractory temporal lobe epilepsy. The difference between pre- and postoperative performance in the delayed recall of two prose passages (Story A and B) from the Wechsler Memory Scale served as measure of postoperative memory(More)
The recognition of emotional facial expressions is an important means to adjust behavior in social interactions. As facial expressions widely differ in their duration and degree of expressiveness, they often manifest with short and transient expressions below the level of awareness. In this combined behavioral and fMRI study, we aimed at examining whether(More)
Depressions of regional cerebral metabolism beyond the epileptogenic zone have been demonstrated in patients with intractable temporal lobe epilepsy. However, their clinical relevance, and the causes of prefrontal metabolic asymmetries are less well understood. We investigated 96 temporal lobe epilepsy patients by FDG-PET and neuropsychological assessment(More)
Following a general description of the anatomical organization of the thalamic mediodorsal nucleus (MD) of animals and man, the involvement of this nucleus in the processing of memory related information has been evaluated by reviewing stimulation, electrophysiological, and lesion studies in animals, and by reviewing research on induced lesions,(More)
Hemispheric (re-)organization of episodic memory functions after temporal lobe damage (TLD) was investigated by the intracarotid amobarbital procedure in patients suffering temporal lobe epilepsy. Memory of the speech-dominant left hemisphere was intact after right-sided TLD independent of the age at manifestation. In contrast, the right hemisphere mediated(More)
We examined whether 53 adult non-aphasic patients with either left (22) or right temporal lobe lesions (31) demonstrate dissociable patterns of hemispheric asymmetries in category-specific word fluency tasks. The patients were asked to articulate as many appropriate words as possible within 60 or 90 s in response to six target categories. There was no(More)
The syndrome of transient global amnesia (TGA) is defined and described. Characteristic features, epidemical data, variables possibly provoking TGA, its possible etiology and anatomical basis are reviewed. A transient disturbance in the formation of lasting new memories (usually of less than one day) and a retrograde amnesia (which includes the period of(More)
The maintenance of old memories subsequent to brain damage is discussed with the particular aim of pointing out problems and possibilities of measuring them post-injury. Relationships between forms of brain damage and retrograde amnesia are outlined, and various recent tests designed to measure old memories are specified and assessed. From this survey it is(More)
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