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Human visual cortex was studied using NADPH-diaphorase histochemistry and nitric oxide synthase immunohistochemistry. Large, strongly stained, sparsely spined non-pyramidal cells (average soma diameter: 16 x 16 microns) occur in layers II-VI, but are commonest in layers II-III. Small weakly stained multipolar cells (average soma diameter 3.6 x 4 microns,(More)
Aberrancies of growth and proliferation-regulating mechanisms might be critically involved in the processes of neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Expression of p21ras and further downstream signalling elements involved in regulation of proliferation and differentiation as, for example, MEK, ERK1/2, cyclins, cyclin-dependent kinases and their(More)
An excess of reactive carbonyl compounds (carbonyl stress) and their reaction products, advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs), are thought to play a decisive role in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative disorders and Parkinson's disease (PD) in particular. Accumulation of AGEs in various intracellular pathological hallmarks of PD, such as Lewy bodies,(More)
Advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs), protein-bound oxidation products of sugars, have been shown to be involved in the pathophysiological processes of Alzheimer's disease (AD). AGEs induce the expression of various pro-inflammatory cytokines and the inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) leading to a state of oxidative stress. AGE modification and(More)
The localization of parvalbumin, calbindin D-28k and calretinin have been investigated in the dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (d lgn) of the rat at the light and electron microscopical level. Parvalbumin and calretinin positive sites are restricted to nerve fibres, whereas calbindin is present in fibres as well as in nerve cells showing morphological(More)
  • H J Lüth
  • 1997
We investigated the localization of the constitutive isoform of nitric oxide synthase (cNOS) in the rat visual cortex by electron microscopy, using a pre-embedding immunohistochemical method. NOS-immunoreactivity was demonstrated in very few somata, dendrites and axon terminals of nerve cells, and also in a few glial cells. The morphological characteristics(More)
Accumulation of insoluble protein deposits and their cross-linking by AGEs (advanced glycation end products) in the brain is a feature of aging and neurodegeneration, especially in AD (Alzheimer's disease). In AD, two types of fibrillar protein aggregates are present: extracellular deposits (plaques) consisting mainly of Abeta (beta-amyloid peptide), and(More)
The ventral lateral geniculate nucleus (vLGN) of albino rats (Wistar strain) has been described histologically and histochemically. Special attention was paid to the identification of cell classes in Nissl and Golgi preparations, the afferent and efferent connections of vLGN cells and the demonstration of enzymes of energy and transmitter metabolism.(More)
Neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease (AD) is associated with the appearance of dystrophic neuronal growth profiles that most likely reflect an impairment of neuronal reorganization. This process of morphodysregulation, which eventually goes awry and becomes a disease itself, might be triggered either by a variety of life events that place an additional(More)