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The reference database of highly informative Y-chromosomal short tandem repeat (STR) haplotypes (YHRD), available online at http://ystr.charite.de, represents the largest collection of male-specific genetic profiles currently available for European populations. By September 2000, YHRD contained 4688 9-locus (so-called "minimal") haplotypes, 40% of which(More)
Seven ribosomal proteins have been localized by means of immunoelectron microscopy on the surface of the 40S ribosomal subunit from rat liver using monospecific antibodies. The location of ribosomal proteins S13/16, S19, and S24 is described for the first time, and that of ribosomal proteins S2, S3, S3a, and S7, which has been published previously on the(More)
Proteins of the large ribosomal subunit of rat liver (TP 60) were immobilized by diffusion transfer onto nitrocellulose after two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2-D PAGE). Incubation of the TP 60 blots with 32P-labeled 5 S RNA under defined ionic conditions (300 mM KCl, 20 mM MgCl2) resulted in specific binding to a limited set of ribosomal(More)
The evidence that protein S6 of rat liver ribosomes is involved in P-site functions and that this protein is the main target of the small subunit for in vivo phosphorylation suggests that S6 phosphorylation may contribute to the regulation of protein synthesis. Therefore, we have studied the activity of small ribosomal subunits with unphosphorylated and(More)
The authors describe 3 cases where Y-chromosomal systems were used for typing the biological traces. In the first case, a murder, for the major amount of cell material found on a dish towel (and analysed two years after the crime) female persons were excluded for the system amelogenin and Y-chromosomal systems. A brother of the victim could not be excluded(More)
A 9-locus microsatellite framework (minimal haplotype), previously developed for forensic purposes so as to facilitate stain analysis, personal identification and kinship testing, has been adopted for the establishment of a large reference database of male European Y-chromosomal haplotypes. The extent of population stratification pertaining to this(More)
The proteolytic specificity of cathepsin L on glucagon was determined. Major cleavages are found between Thr7 and Ser8, Asp15 and Ser16, and between Met27 and Asn28. The bonds Ser11-Lys12, Val23-Gln24, and Gln24-Trp25 are hydrolyzed to a relatively low extent only. Whereas cathepsin B hydroxyzes glucagon at the C-terminus by a peptidyldipeptidase mechanism,(More)
Total protein of small subunits of rat liver ribosomes was fractionated by chromatography on carboxymethylcellulose. Aliquots (between 5 and 30 mg) of the protein material of each peak were further separated by reversed phase liquid chromatography on an octadecasilyl silica column. In this way 15 of the 32 proteins of the small ribosomal subunit of rat(More)
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