Learn More
The viroid of the potato spindle tuber disease (PSTV) is a covalently closed ring of 359 ribonucleotides. As a result of intramolecular base pairing, a serial arrangement of double-helical sections and internal loops form a unique rod-like secondary structure. PSTV is the first pathogen of a eukaryotic organism for which the complete molecular structure has(More)
The hypothetical replicase or replicase subunit cistron in the 5'-proximal part of tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) RNA yields a major 126-K protein and a minor 183-K ;readthrough' protein in vivo and in vitro. Two natural suppressor tRNAs were purified from uninfected tobacco plants on the basis of their ability to promote readthrough over the corresponding UAG(More)
Viroids are single-stranded circular RNA molecules of 240 to 400 nucleotides which are pathogens of certain higher plants and replicate autonomously in the host cell. Virusoids are similar to viroids in respect to size and circularity but replicate only as genomic part of a plant virus. Their structure and structural transitions have been investigated by(More)
Eukaryotic tRNAs are synthesized in the nucleus and need to be exported to the cytoplasm where they function in translation. tRNA export is mediated by exportin-t, which binds tRNA directly and with high affinity. tRNAs are initially synthesized as precursor molecules. Maturation to functional tRNA takes place in the nucleus, precedes export, and includes(More)
Selenocysteine tRNA [tRNA((Ser)Sec)] is charged with serine by the same seryl-tRNA synthetase (SerRS) as the canonical serine tRNAs. Using site-directed mutagenesis, we have introduced a series of mutations into human tRNA((Ser)Sec) and tRNA(Ser) in order to study the identity elements of tRNA((Ser)Sec) for serylation and the effect of the orientation of(More)
The marine sponge Aplysina aerophoba accumulates brominated isoxazoline alkaloids, which include aerophobin-2, aplysinamisin-1, and isofistularin-3 as major constituents. Following disruption of compartmentalization, the isoxazoline alkaloids are enzymatically converted to aeroplysinin-1, which in turn gives rise to a dienone. The described bioconversions(More)
The complete nucleotide sequence of citrus exocortis viroid (CEV, propagated in Gymura) and chrysanthemum stunt viroid (CSV, propagated in Cineraria) has been established, using labelling in vitro and direct RNA sequencing methods and a new screening procedure for the rapid selection of suitable RNA fragments from limited digests. The covalently closed(More)
The mechanism of selenocysteine insertion into proteins is distinct from all other amino acids in all lines of descent in that it needs specific protein cofactors and a structurally unique tRNA(Sec). It is first aminoacylated with serine and further recognized among all other serylated serine isoacceptors by a selenocysteine synthase and is converted to(More)