Learn More
The hypothetical replicase or replicase subunit cistron in the 5'-proximal part of tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) RNA yields a major 126-K protein and a minor 183-K ;readthrough' protein in vivo and in vitro. Two natural suppressor tRNAs were purified from uninfected tobacco plants on the basis of their ability to promote readthrough over the corresponding UAG(More)
The viroid of the potato spindle tuber disease (PSTV) is a covalently closed ring of 359 ribonucleotides. As a result of intramolecular base pairing, a serial arrangement of double-helical sections and internal loops form a unique rod-like secondary structure. PSTV is the first pathogen of a eukaryotic organism for which the complete molecular structure has(More)
The complete nucleotide sequence of citrus exocortis viroid (CEV, propagated in Gymura) and chrysanthemum stunt viroid (CSV, propagated in Cineraria) has been established, using labelling in vitro and direct RNA sequencing methods and a new screening procedure for the rapid selection of suitable RNA fragments from limited digests. The covalently closed(More)
The DNA of the recombinant phage λgtWES Mr974 (Grummt et al., 1979) which contains the 18S region and adjacent spacer sequences of the ribosomal genes from mouse has been digested with the restriction endonuclease Sall. Fragments corresponding to the non-transcribed spacer (A and D) and the external transcribed spacer (B) have been prepared and their(More)
tRNA splicing enzymes had been identified in mammalian and plant cells long before homologous intron-containing tRNA genes were detected. The tRNATyr gene presented here is the first intron-containing, human tRNA gene for which transcription and pre-tRNA maturation has been studied in a homologous system. This gene is disrupted by a 20-bp long intron and(More)
Viroids are single-stranded circular RNA molecules of 240 to 400 nucleotides which are pathogens of certain higher plants and replicate autonomously in the host cell. Virusoids are similar to viroids in respect to size and circularity but replicate only as genomic part of a plant virus. Their structure and structural transitions have been investigated by(More)
Eukaryotic tRNAs are synthesized in the nucleus and need to be exported to the cytoplasm where they function in translation. tRNA export is mediated by exportin-t, which binds tRNA directly and with high affinity. tRNAs are initially synthesized as precursor molecules. Maturation to functional tRNA takes place in the nucleus, precedes export, and includes(More)
Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) RNA with a long 5'-terminal leader sequence, as well as its isolated leader fragment (called omega), can form disome initiation complexes with wheat germ ribosomes. The second ribosome of the disome complex is bound to the leader sequence, upstream of an 80S particle occupying the AUG-containing initiation site [ Filipowicz and(More)
Viroids are uncoated infectious RNA molecules pathogenic to certain higher plants. Four different highly purified viroids were studied. By ultracentrifugation, thermal denaturation, electron microscopy, and end group analysis the following features were established: (i) the molecular weight of cucumber pale fruit viroid from tomato is 110,000, of citrus(More)