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INTRODUCTION Primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is a leading cause of visual impairment worldwide and a complex genetic disorder that affects mostly adults. Mutations in the MYOCILIN (MYOC) and OPTINEURIN genes account for rare forms with a Mendelian inheritance and for <5% of all POAG cases. The CYP1B1 gene, a member of the cytochrome P450 gene family, is(More)
Primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is a highly prevalent cause of irreversible blindness which associates cupping of the optic disc and alteration of the visual field, elevation of intraocular pressure being a major risk factor. Provided diagnosis is made at an early stage, treatments are available to prevent visual impairment. A locus, GLC1A, has been(More)
The Xlr (X-chromosome linked, lymphocyte regulated) multigene family was previously found to determine, in the lymphoid cell lineage, the stage-specific expression of a nuclear protein with a primary sequence suggestive of a transcriptional activator function. We report here the characterization of a second functional member of the Xlr gene family that is(More)
The association of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) with certain HLA alleles is well documented in pediatric patients. Whether a similar association is found in adult-on-set IDDM is not clear, although the disease occurs after the age of 20 in 50% of cases. HLA class II DRB1, DQA1, and DQB1 alleles were studied in 402 type I diabetics and 405(More)
Linkage disequilibrium (association) analysis was used to evaluate a candidate region near the CTLA4/CD28 genes using a multi-ethnic collection of families with one or more children affected by IDDM. In the data set unique to this study (Spanish, French, Mexican-American, Chinese and Korean), the transmission/disequilibrium test (TDT) revealed a highly(More)
BACKGROUND Titin is the major autoantigen recognized by anti-striated muscle antibodies, which are characteristic of generalized myasthenia gravis (MG). OBJECTIVE To seek a correlation between anti-titin antibodies and other features of MG patients, including histopathology, age at diagnosis, anti-acetylcholine receptor (anti-AChR), autoantibody titers,(More)
The NK1.1 cell surface receptor, which belongs to the NKR-P1 gene cluster, has been bred onto nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice for two purposes. The first was to tag NK and NKT cells for easier experimental identification of those subsets and better analysis of their implication in type 1 diabetes. The second was to produce a congenic strain carrying Idd6, a(More)
The non-obese diabetic (NOD) mouse strain provides a remarkable model for investigating the mechanisms of autoimmunity. Independent genetic analyses of this model have previously shown that chromosome 1-linked loci were involved in the control of periinsulitis and sialitis on the one hand and of insulitis and diabetes on the other hand. In the present work,(More)
Primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) is a heterogeneous autosomal recessive disorder caused by unknown developmental defect(s) of the anterior chamber of the eye. A member of the cytochrome P450 gene family, CYP1B1, was found to be mutated in PCG patients in different populations, albeit to a variable extent. In this study, CYP1B1 mutations were searched for(More)
Polymorphic markers within the CTLA4 gene on chromosome 2q33 have been shown to be associated with type 1 diabetes. Therefore, a gene responsible for the disease (IDDM12) most likely lies within a region of <1-2 cM of CTLA4. To define more precisely the IDDM12 interval, we genotyped a multiethnic (U.S. Caucasian, Mexican-American, French, Spanish, Korean,(More)