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The present study proposes a simple and reproducible method to classify the morphology of the suprascapular notch (SSN), on the basis of specific geometrical parameters that clearly distinguish one type from another. Four hundred twenty-three dried scapulas from the Department of Anatomy in the University of Cologne, Germany, were examined. Five types of(More)
In subjects who had undergone monopedal bicycle ergometer work for 30 min 4 days a week for 6 weeks under aerobic conditions, biopsies from the M. vastus lateralis were studied in the light and electron microscope. In some cases very small myofibers with central nuclei were found. At the ultrastructural level, these fibers turned out to be myotubes. The(More)
Investigations on the mechanisms capable of influencing heart mitochondrial function constitute a central contribution to the understanding of cardiac bioenergetics. In contrast to the conventional idea that reactive oxygen species (ROS) mostly act as a trigger for oxidative damage of biological structures, in low physiological concentrations they can(More)
European domestic pigs are derived from the European wild pig by genetic selection and differ in their muscular-growth ability. Thus, it was the aim of this study to investigate the consequences of genetic selection on muscle composition and fibre size in the gracilis muscle. Fibre typing based on the ATPase reaction revealed that this muscle in wild pigs(More)
Muscle injuries represent a major part of sports injuries and are a challenging problem in traumatology. Strain injuries are the most common muscle injuries after contusions. These injuries can lead to significant pain and disability causing time to be lost to training and competition. Despite the frequency of strain injuries the treatment available is(More)
In exercise-induced muscle damage, oxidative stress derived from the liberation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is assumed to be of etiological importance. Xanthine oxidase (XO) located in capillary endothelium is one of the possible sources for ROS, mainly investigated so far under conditions of ischemia/reperfusion. XO can be inhibited by allopurinol. To(More)
Muscular atrophy regularly occurs as a consequence of immobilisation or disuse after sports injuries. Several experimental models deal with muscle atrophy and are suitable for investigations of the underlying mechanisms of muscle atrophy. Strength loss is the most evident response to atrophy. Muscle strength decreases most dramatically during the first week(More)
The effects of two methods of electrical stimulation on maximum isometric force, calf girth, and skinfold thickness of stimulated and nonstimulated (contralateral) legs were studied. Thirty-six male volunteers, divided into three groups, participated in the experiment. Groups I and II were subjected to the procedure of electrical stimulation of m. triceps(More)
Fatigue as a functional sign and muscle damage as a structural sign can be observed after prolonged exercise like marathon running or after strenuous exercise, especially with the involvement of eccentric contractions. For fatigue due to prolonged exercise, hypoxic conditions and the formation of free oxygen radicals seem to be of aetiological importance,(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate whether oxidative stress contributes to the development of atrophy in immobilized muscles, and, under this assumption, whether the administration of an antioxidant has beneficial effects to attenuate immobilization atrophy. One hindlimb of rats was immobilized for eight days, the contralateral leg served as control.(More)