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The Gibbs sampler can be used to obtain samples of arbitrary size from the posterior distribution over the parameters of a structural equation model (SEM) given covariance data and a prior distribution over the parameters. Point estimates, standard deviations and interval estimates for the parameters can be computed from these samples. If the prior(More)
The psychometric properties of the Dutch version of the Inventory of Traumatic Grief (ITG) were investigated in two studies with bereaved adults who had suffered the loss of a first-degree relative. In Study 1, exploratory factor analysis indicated that the items of the ITG clustered together into one underlying factor. In addition, the internal consistency(More)
BACKGROUND The long-term effectiveness of parent training for children with externalizing behaviour problems under routine care within the German health care system is unclear. We report the 1-year follow-up results of the parent training component of the Prevention Program for Externalizing Problem Behaviour (PEP) for 270 children aged 3-10 years with(More)
In many types of statistical modeling inequality constraints are imposed between the parameters of interest. As we will show in this paper, the DIC (i.e., posterior Deviance Information Criterium as proposed as a Bayesian model selection tool by Spiegelhalter et al., 2002) fails when comparing inequality constrained hypotheses. In this paper we will derive(More)
For many reasons it is preferable to use established health related outcome instruments. The validity of an instrument, however, can be affected when used in another culture or language other than what it was originally developed. In this paper, the outcome on functional status measurement using a preliminary version of the Dutch translated ‘Pediatric(More)
There is increasing empirical evidence from factor analytical studies that schizotypy is composed of three dimensions. All studies into the multidimensionality of schizotypy used common factor analysis of scales, either exploratory or confirmatory. We argue that for research into the multidimensionality of schizotypy with dichotomous item responses on(More)
OBJECTIVES Reliability and validity are as necessary for predrafted advance directive forms as they are for all clinical assessment instruments. Performance of predrafted advance directive forms with both lay persons and clinicians is relevant. Evidence relating to test- retest reliability, content validity, and criterion-related validity of one form, the(More)
Researchers often have expectations about the research outcomes in regard to inequality constraints between, e.g., group means. Consider the example of researchers who investigated the effects of inducing a negative emotional state in aggressive boys. It was expected that highly aggressive boys would, on average, score higher on aggressive responses toward(More)
Exposure to premonitory sensations and response prevention of tics (ER) has been shown to be a promising new treatment for Tourette's syndrome (TS). The present study tested the hypothesis that habituation to unpleasant premonitory sensations associated with the tic is an underlying mechanism of change in ER. Patients rated the severity of sensations and(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the discriminative validity of the Dutch Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI) to differentiate functional status between children with and without disabilities. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SETTING A university children's hospital in the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS A clinical sample comprising 197 children with(More)