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Much evidence points to the involvement of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors in the development and maintainance of neuropathic pain. In neuropathic pain, there is generally involved a presumed opioid-insensitive component, which apparently can be blocked by NMDA receptor antagonists. However, in order to obtain complete analgesia, a combination of an(More)
3-Isoxazolols substituted in the 5-position by pyrrolidinyl or piperidyl (referred to, respectively, as PYOLs and PIOLs; see Figure 2 for structures) were designed and synthesized as analogues of the potent and specific GABAA agonist THIP. Activity in the series was markedly dependent upon positional isomerism in the structures. Isomers in which the(More)
In order to elucidate whether opioid analgesics available on the Scandinavian market also act as noncompetitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonists, a series of commercially available opioids were screened for their affinity in [3H](RS)-5-methyl-10, 11-dihydro-5H-dibenzo[a,d]cycloheptene-5,10-imine ([3H]MK-801) binding assays and potential inhibitory(More)
Using tritium-labelled 4,5,6,7-tetrahydroisoxazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-3-ol (THPO) its tissue distribution and metabolism were investigated in adult mice and 4-day-old chicks after systemic administration of the drug. It was found not to be significantly metabolized in the brain since metabolites of THPO corresponding to only approximately 8% of the parent(More)
The affinities of a number of analogues of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) for GABAA and GABAB receptor sites and GABA uptake were studied using rat brain membrane preparations. Studies on the (S)-(+)- and (R)-(-)-isomers of baclofen, 3-hydroxy-4-aminobutyric acid (3-OH-GABA), and 4,5-dihydromuscimol (DHM) revealed different stereoselectivities of these(More)
Succinylacetone was excreted in the urine from four patients, with hereditary tyrosinemia i.e., two patients with the severe infantile type with fatal outcome and two patients with less severe juvenile form. In the urine from two patients with neonatal transient tyrosinemia and from normal individuals succinylacetone was not detectable. The urinary(More)
The (R) and (S) forms of 5-amino-2-hydroxyvaleric acid (2-OH-DAVA) and 5-amino-4-hydroxyvaleric acid (4-OH-DAVA) were designed as structural hybrids of the 4-aminobutyric acidB (GABAB) agonist (R)-(-)-4-amino-3-hydroxybutyric acid [(R)-(-)-3-OH-GABA] and the GABAB antagonist 5-aminovaleric acid (DAVA). (S)-(-)-2-OH-DAVA and (R)-(-)-4-OH-DAVA showed a(More)