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3-Isoxazolols substituted in the 5-position by pyrrolidinyl or piperidyl (referred to, respectively, as PYOLs and PIOLs; see Figure 2 for structures) were designed and synthesized as analogues of the potent and specific GABAA agonist THIP. Activity in the series was markedly dependent upon positional isomerism in the structures. Isomers in which the(More)
The affinities of a number of analogues of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) for GABAA and GABAB receptor sites and GABA uptake were studied using rat brain membrane preparations. Studies on the (S)-(+)- and (R)-(-)-isomers of baclofen, 3-hydroxy-4-aminobutyric acid (3-OH-GABA), and 4,5-dihydromuscimol (DHM) revealed different stereoselectivities of these(More)
Much evidence points to the involvement of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors in the development and maintainance of neuropathic pain. In neuropathic pain, there is generally involved a presumed opioid-insensitive component, which apparently can be blocked by NMDA receptor antagonists. However, in order to obtain complete analgesia, a combination of an(More)
In order to elucidate whether opioid analgesics available on the Scandinavian market also act as noncompetitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonists, a series of commercially available opioids were screened for their affinity in [3H](RS)-5-methyl-10, 11-dihydro-5H-dibenzo[a,d]cycloheptene-5,10-imine ([3H]MK-801) binding assays and potential inhibitory(More)
Using tritium-labelled 4,5,6,7-tetrahydroisoxazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-3-ol (THPO) its tissue distribution and metabolism were investigated in adult mice and 4-day-old chicks after systemic administration of the drug. It was found not to be significantly metabolized in the brain since metabolites of THPO corresponding to only approximately 8% of the parent(More)
A series of 3-hydroxyisoxazoles (3-isoxazoles) substituted in the 5-position by piperidyl moieties (2-, 3-, and 4-PIOL) were studied by molecular modelling and computer graphics methods. Whereas 2-PIOL is pharmacologically inactive, 3-PIOL is a glycine antagonist and 4-PIOL a low-efficacy partial GABAA agonist. A conformational analysis of the isomeric(More)
The (R) and (S) forms of 5-amino-2-hydroxyvaleric acid (2-OH-DAVA) and 5-amino-4-hydroxyvaleric acid (4-OH-DAVA) were designed as structural hybrids of the 4-aminobutyric acidB (GABAB) agonist (R)-(-)-4-amino-3-hydroxybutyric acid [(R)-(-)-3-OH-GABA] and the GABAB antagonist 5-aminovaleric acid (DAVA). (S)-(-)-2-OH-DAVA and (R)-(-)-4-OH-DAVA showed a(More)
THPO, a GABA uptake inhibitor, when given in doses of up to 4 mmol/kg (i.p.) to mice, had only a marginal protective effect against seizures induced 1 hr later by 3-mercaptopropionic acid (MPA). THPO (4 mmol/kg), when given in combination with 10 mmol/kg of glycine, protected 60% of the mice from MPA-induced convulsions. The combination of THPO and glycine(More)
Microelectrophoretic methods were used to study the effects on cat spinal neurones of a number of compounds structurally related to the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) agonists muscimol, THIP, and isoguvacine. While N-methylmuscimol was an agonist at bicuculline methochloride-sensitive GABA receptors, somewhat weaker than GABA and THIP, neither(More)
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